1

B.Sc. Physical Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics)

Choice Based Credit System

Course Structure

B.Sc.

(2016-17)

School of Vocational Studies and Applied Sciences

Gautam Buddha University, Greater Noida, UP-201312

India

2

Bachelor of Science Physical Sciences

(Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics)

SEMESTER COURSE OPTED COURSE NAME CREDIT

S

CC: Core Course, AECC: Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course, SEC: Skill

Enhancement Course

DSE: Discipline Specific Elective

I

EN-101 AECC-I English Proficiency 2

PH-105 CC-I Mechanics 4

PH-107

CC-I Practical Mechanics Lab 2

CH-101

CC-II Atomic structure, Bonding,

General organic chemistry,

Aliphatic Hydrocarbons

4

CH-103

CC-II Practical Laboratory (Atomic

structure, Bonding, General

organic chemistry,

Aliphatic Hydrocarbon)-I

2

MA-111

CC-III

Calculus-I

3

MA-113 CC-IV Matrices 3

Contact Hours 23

II

ES-101

AECC-II

Environmental Science

2

PH-106

CC-V Electricity and Magnetism

4

PH-108

CC-V Practical Electricity and Magnetism

Lab

2

CH-102

CC-VI Chemical Energetics, Phase

equilibrium, Functional

group organic Chemistry-I

4

CH-104

CC-VI Practical Laboratory (Chemical

Energetics, Phase

equilibrium, Functional

group organic Chemistry

Practicals)-II

2

MA-112

CC-VII Algebra 3

3

MA-114 CC-VIII Calculus-II 3

BS-101 AECC-III

Human Values & Buddist

Studies 2

III

PH-201

CC-IX Thermal Physics and

Statistical Mechanics

4

PH-203

CC-IX Practical Thermal Physics and

Statistical Mechanics Lab

2

CH-201

CC-X Solution, Phase Equilibium,

Conductance,

Electrochemistry &

Functional Group Organic

Chemistry-II

4

CH-203

CC-X Practical Laboratory (Conductance,

Electrochemistry &

Functional Group Organic

Chemistry–II)-III

2

MA-213

CC-XI Real Analysis 3

MA-215 CC-XII Introduction to Ordinary

Differential Equation 3

NSS-101 AECC-IV NSS Paper 1 2

Skill Enhancement

Course -1

SEC-1 2

IV PH-202

CC-XIII Waves and Optics 4

PH-204

CC-XIII Practical Waves and Optics Lab 2

CH-202

CC-XIV Transition Metal &

Coordination Chemistry,

States of matter &

Chemical kinetics

4

CH-204

CC-XIV Practical Laboratory (Transition

Metal & Coordination

Chemistry, States of matter

&Chemical kinetics)-IV

2

MA-212

CC-XV Introduction to Partial

Differential Equation

3

MA-214 CC-XVI Mathematical Methods 3

NSS-102 AECC-V NSS Paper-II 2

Skill Enhancement

Course -2

SEC-2 2

V Skill Enhancement SEC-3 2

4

Code Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-1) Credits

1 PH-301 Solid State Physics 4

PH-303 Solid State Physics Lab 2

2 PH-305 Physics of Semiconductor Devices 4

PH-307 Physics of Semiconductor Devices Lab 2

3 PH-309 Introductory Atmospheric Physics 3

PH-311 Basics of Nanoscience 3

Code Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-2) Credits

1 CH-301 Industrial Chemicals & Environment 4

CH-303 Laboratory (Industrial Chemicals & Environment )-V 2

2 CH-305 Quantum Chemistry, Spectroscopy & Photochemistry 4

CH-307 Laboratory (Quantum Chemistry, Spectroscopy &

Photochemistry)-V

2

Code Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-3) Credits

1 MA-301 Programming in C 3

2 MA-303 Linear Algebra 3

3 MA-305 Tensor & Geometry 3

Code Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-4) Credits

1 PH-302 Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics 4

PH-304 Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics Lab 2

2 PH-306 Modern Physics and Quantum Mechanics 4

PH-308 Modern Physics and Quantum Mechanics Lab 2

Code Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-5) Credits

1 CH-302

Molecules of Life 4

Course -3

Discipline Specific

Elective -1

DSE-1 6

Discipline Specific

Elective -2

DSE-2 6

Discipline Specific

Elective -3

DSE-3 6

VI Skill Enhancement

Course -4

SEC-4 2

Discipline Specific

Elective -4

DSE-4 6

Discipline Specific

Elective -5

DSE-5 6

Discipline Specific

Elective -6

DSE-6 6

Total Credits 120

5

CH-304 Laboratory(Molecules of Life)-VI 2

2 CH-306

Chemistry of Main Group Elements, Theories of Acids

and Bases

4

CH-308 Laboratory (Chemistry of Main Group Elements,

Theories of Acids and Bases)-VI

2

Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-6)

Code

1 MA-302 Numerical Methods 3

2 MA-304 Linear Programming 3

3 MA-306 Theory of Complex Variable 3

Skill Enhancement Course (SEC)

Physics Based Math Based Chemistry Based

SEC-I PH-205

Renewable

Energy and

Energy

harvesting,

SEC-I MA-215 Theor

y of

Equati

ons

SEC-I CH -205 Intellectual

Property

Rights

SEC-II PH-206

Computational

Physics

SEC-II MA-214

Logic

and

sets

SEC-II CH-206 1. Gr

een

Methods

in

Chemistry

SEC-III PH-313

Photolithograp

hy and Device

fabrication

SEC-III MA-317

Mathe

matical

Modell

ing

SEC-III CH-309 Pharmaceut

ical

Chemistry

SEC-IV PH-310

Simulation

Experiments

in Physics

SEC-IV MA-318

Experi

mental

Statisti

cs

using R

SEC-IV CH-310 Chemistry

of

Cosmetics

&

Perfumes

6

=====================================

PHYSICS

======================================

PH105: MECHANICS

4-Credits (4-0-0)

Vectors: Vector algebra, scalar and vector products, derivatives of a vector with respect to a parameter.

Ordinary Differential Equations: First order homogeneous differential equations, second order

homogeneous differential equations with constant coefficients.

Laws of Motion: Frames of reference, Newton’s laws of motion, dynamics of a system of particles,

centre of mass.

Momentum and Energy: Conservation of momentum, work and energy, conservation of energy, motion

of rockets.

Rotational Motion: Angular velocity and angular momentum, torque, conservation of angular

momentum.

Gravitation: Newton’s law of gravitation, motion of a particle in a central force field (motion is in a

plane, angular momentum is conserved, areal velocity is constant), Kepler’s laws (statement only),

satellite in circular orbit and applications, geosynchronous orbits, weightlessness, basic idea of global

positioning system (GPS).

Oscillations: Simple harmonic motion, differential equation of SHM and its solutions, kinetic and

potential energy, total energy and their time averages, damped oscillations.

Elasticity: Hooke’s law, stress-strain diagram, elastic moduli, relation between elastic constants,

Poisson’s ratio, expression for Poisson’s ratio in terms of elastic constants, work done in stretching and

work done in twisting a wire, twisting couple on a cylinder, determination of rigidity modulus by static

torsion, torsional pendulum, determination of rigidity modulus and moment of inertia - q, η and by

Searles method.

Special Theory of Relativity: Constancy of speed of light, postulates of special theory of relativity,

length contraction, time dilation, relativistic addition of velocities.

Texts/References

1. An introduction to mechanics, Daniel Kleppner and Robert Kolenkov, 2/e, 2014, Cambridge University

Press.

2. Concepts of Physics, H. C. Verma, 1/e, 1993 (second reprint 2011), Bharati Bhawan.

3. Mechanics Berkeley Physics course, Charles Kittel, et.al. 2007, Tata McGraw-Hill. University Physics.

FW Sears, MW Zemansky & HD Young, 13/e, 1986, Addison Wesley.

PH107: MECHANICS LAB

2-Credits (0-0-3)

List of Experiments

1. Measurement of basic constant, length weight and time.

2. To determine the value of (g) with the help of a compound pendulum.

7

3. To determine the value of g by Katter’s pendulum.

4. To study the coupled pendulum for in-phase, out-phase and beat oscillation.

5. To determine the Moment of Inertia of a Flywheel about its axis of rotation.

6. To determine the Moment of Inertia of an irregular body, about an axis passing through its

gravity and perpendicular to its plane by dynamical method (Inertia Table).

7. To determine the modulus of rigidity of the material of wire with the help of a torsion pendulum

8. To determine the modulus of Rigidity of a wire by Maxwell’s needle.

9. To determine the Young’s modulus, modulus of Rigidity and Poisson ratio of the material of a

wire by Searle’s method.

10. To determine Young’s Modulus of the given material in the form of a beam.

11. To determine the spring constant by Hooke’s law.

12. To determine Poisson ratio of rubber.

Texts/References

1. Advanced Practical Physics for students, B.L.Flint and H.T.Worsnop, 1971, Asia Publishing

House.

2. B.Sc. Practical Physics, Geeta Sanon, R. Chand & Co. New Delhi, 2nd Ed. 2009.

3. Advanced level Physics Practicals, Michael Nelson and Jon M. Ogborn, 4th Edition, reprinted

1985, Heinemann Educational Publishers

4. Engineering Practical Physics, S.Panigrahi & B.Mallick,2015, Cengag Learning India Pvt. Ltd.

5. A Text Book of Practical Physics, Indu Prakash and Ramakrishna, 11th Edition, 2011, Kitab

Mahal, New Delhi.

PH106: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

4-Credits (4-0-0)

Vector Analysis: Review of vector algebra (scalar and vector product), gradient, divergence, curl and

their significance, vector integration, line, surface and volume integrals of vector fields, Gauss-divergence

theorem and Stoke's theorem of vectors (statement only).

Electrostatics: Electrostatic field, electric flux, Gauss's theorem of electrostatics, applications of Gauss

theorem, electric field due to point charge, infinite line of charge, uniformly charged spherical shell and

solid sphere, plane charged sheet, charged conductor, electric potential as line integral of electric field,

potential due to a point charge, electric dipole, uniformly charged spherical shell and solid sphere,

calculation of electric field from potential, capacitance of an isolated spherical conductor, parallel plate,

spherical and cylindrical condenser, energy per unit volume in electrostatic field, dielectric medium,

polarisation, displacement vector.

Magnetism: Magnetostatics: Biot-Savart's law & its applications, straight conductor, circular coil,

solenoid carrying current., divergence and curl of magnetic field, magnetic vector potential, Ampere's

circuital law, magnetic properties of materials: magnetic intensity, magnetic induction, permeability,

magnetic susceptibility, brief introduction of dia, para, and ferro-magnetic materials.

Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction, Lenz's law, self and mutual

inductance, L of single coil, M of two coils, energy stored in magnetic field.

Maxwell`s Equations and Electromagnetic Wave Propagation: Equation of continuity of current,

displacement current, Maxwell's equations, Poynting vector, energy density in electromagnetic field,

8

electromagnetic wave propagation through vacuum and isotropic dielectric medium, transverse nature of

EM waves, polarization.

Texts/References

1. Introduction to Electrodynamics, D. J. Griffith, Prentice Hall India (2009)

2. Electricity and Magnetism, E. M. Purcell, McGraw-Hill Education (1986)

3. Electricity and Magnetism, D. C. Tayal, Himalaya Publishing House, (1988)

4. University Physics, Ronald Lane Reese, Thomson Brooks/Cole, (2003)

PH108: ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM LAB

2-Credits (0-0-3)

List of Experiments

1. To determine the capacitance of plate capacitor by charge measurement and dielectric constant of

different dielectric materials. (Dielectric Constant)

2. To convert a Galvanometer into voltmeter/ammeter and to study resistance laws and a multi-

meter.

3. To determine the specific resistance of a material of given wire using Carey foster’s bridge.

4. To determine the specific resistance of a material of given wire using Wien’s bridge.

5. Calibration of a voltmeter/ammeter with the help of a potentiometer.

6. To determine the magnetic field along the axis of current carrying coil and estimate the radius of

the coil with the help of Tangent Galvanometer

7. To draw the Hysteresis curve of a given sample of ferromagnetic material and from this to

determine magnetic susceptibility and permeability of the given specimen.

8. Faraday’s law and induced E.M.F.

9. To determine the electro chemical equivalent of Copper using copper voltmeter

10. Magnetic field measurement with search coil & ballistic galvanometer.

11. To study the characteristics of a series R-C circuit.

12. To determine the internal resistance of a Leclanche’s cell using potentiometer.

Texts/References

1. Advanced Practical Physics for students, B. L. Flint and H. T. Worsnop, 1971, Asia Publishing

House.

2. B.Sc. Practical Physics, Geeta Sanon, R. Chand & Co., New Delhi, 2nd Ed. 2009.

3. Engineering Practical Physics, S. Panigrahi & B. Mallick, 2015, Cengag Learning India Pvt. Ltd.

4. A Text Book of Practical Physics, Indu Prakash and Ramakrishna, 11th Edition, 2011, Kitab

Mahal, New Delhi.

PH201: THERMAL PHYSICS AND STATISTICAL MECHANICS

4-Credits (4-0-0)

Laws of Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic Description of system: Zeroth law of thermodynamics

and temperature, first law of thermodynamics and internal energy, conversion of heat into work, various

thermo-dynamical processes, applications of first law, general relation between CP & CV, work done

during isothermal and adiabatic processes, compressibility & expansion coefficient, reversible &

9

irreversible processes, second law & entropy, Carnot’s cycle & theorem, Entropy changes in reversible &

irreversible processes, entropy-temperature diagrams, third law of thermodynamics, unattainability of

absolute zero.

Thermodynamic Potentials: Enthalpy, Gibbs, Helmholtz and Internal energy functions, Maxwell’s

relations & applications, Joule-Thomson effect, Clausius-Clapeyron equation, expression for (CP – CV),

CP/CV, T-dS equations.

Kinetic Theory of Gases: Derivation of Maxwell’s law of distribution of velocities and its experimental

verification, mean free path (Zeroth order), law of equipartition of energy (no derivation) and its

applications to specific heat of gases; mono-atomic and diatomic gases.

Theory of Radiation: Blackbody radiation, spectral distribution, concept of energy density, derivation of

Planck's law, deduction of Wien’s distribution law, Rayleigh-Jeans law, Stefan Boltzmann law, and

Wien’s displacement law from Planck’s law.

Statistical Mechanics: Phase space, macrostate and microstate, entropy and thermodynamic probability,

Maxwell-Boltzmann law - distribution of velocity -Quantum statistics - Fermi-Dirac distribution law -

electron gas - Bose-Einstein distribution law - photon gas - comparison of three statistics.

Texts/References

1. Thermal Physics, S. Garg, R. Bansal and C. Ghosh, 1993, Tata McGraw-Hill.

2. Heat and Thermodynamics: Brij Lal and N. Subramanyam, S. Chand.

3. Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics: F. Rief, Waveland Press.

4. A Treatise on Heat, Meghnad Saha, and B.N. Srivastava, 1969, Indian Press.

5. Heat and Thermodynamics, M.W.Zemasky and R. Dittman, 1981, McGraw Hill

6. Thermodynamics, Kinetic theory & Statistical thermodynamics, F.W.Sears and G. L. Salinger.

1988, Narosa.

7. University Physics, Ronald Lane Reese, 2003, Thomson Brooks/Cole.

PH203: THERMAL PHYSICS AND STATISTICAL MECHANICS LAB

2-Credits (0-0-3)

List of Experiments

1. To determine the value of Stefan’s constant.

2. To verify the Stefan’s law by electric method.

3. To determine the coefficient of real expansion of a liquid (water) by up-thrust method.

4. To determine the coefficient of Linear Expansion of given Sample.

5. To determine the value of J, the mechanical equivalent of heat by Searle’s friction cone

apparatus.

6. To determine the mechanical equivalent of heat (J) with the help of Joule’s calorimeter.

7. To determine the Coefficient of thermal conductivity of bad conductors by Lee’s Disc method.

8. To determine the thermal conductivity of rubber in the form of tube.

9. To determine the critical temperature and critical pressure of a gas.

10. Determine of Temperature coefficient of resistance (α) for platinum wire by Callender and

Griffith Bridge method.

11. To study the variation of thermo emf across two junctions of a thermocouple with temperature.

12. To determine the value of Y (the ratio of two specific heats of gas) for air by Clement and

Desorme’s method.

13. To determine specific heat of a given liquid by method of cooling.

10

Texts/References

1. Advanced Practical Physics for students, B.L. Flint & H.T. Worsnop, 1971, Asia Publishing

House.

2. Advanced level Physics Practicals, Michael Nelson and Jon M. Ogborn, 4th Edition, reprinted

1985, Heinemann Educational Publishers

3. A Text Book of Practical Physics, Indu Prakash and Ramakrishna, 11th Edition, 2011, Kitab

Mahal, New Delhi.

4. A Laboratory Manual of Physics for Undergraduate Classes, D.P.Khandelwal, 1985, Vani

Publication.

PH202: WAVES AND OPTICS

4-Credits (4-0-0)

Superposition of Two Collinear Harmonic oscillations: Linearity and Superposition Principle. (1).

Oscillations having equal frequencies and (2). Oscillations having different frequencies (Beats).

Superposition of Two Perpendicular Harmonic Oscillations: Graphical and analytical methods,

Lissajous figures with equal and unequal frequency and their uses.

Waves Motion: Transverse waves on a string, travelling and standing waves on a string, normal modes

of a string, group velocity, phase velocity, plane waves, spherical waves, wave intensity.

Fluids: Viscosity: Viscosity, rate flow of liquid in a capillary tube, Poiseuille’s formula, determination of

coefficient of viscosity of a liquid.

Sound: Simple harmonic motion, forced vibrations and resonance, Fourier’s Theorem, application to saw

tooth wave and square wave, intensity and loudness of sound, Decibels, intensity levels, musical notes,

musical scale.

Wave Optics: Electromagnetic nature of light, definition and properties of wave front, Huygens

principle.

Interference: Division of amplitude and division of wavefront, Young’s double slit experiment. Lloyd’s

mirror and Fresnel’s bi-prism, phase change on reflection, Stokes’ treatment, interference in thin films:

parallel and wedge-shaped films, Newton’s rings: measurement of wavelength and refractive index.

Michelson’s Interferometer: Idea of form of fringes, determination of wavelength, wavelength

difference, refractive index.

Diffraction: Fraunhofer diffraction: Single slit; double slit, multiple slits & diffraction grating. Fresnel

diffraction: half-period zones, zone plate, Fresnel diffraction pattern of a straight edge, a slit and a wire

using half-period zone analysis.

Polarization: Transverse nature of light waves, plane polarized light-production and analysis, circular

and elliptical polarization.

Texts/References

1. N. K. Bajaj, Waves & Oscillations (Tata-McGraw-Hill)

2. A. K. Ghatak, Optics (Tata Mc Graw Hill)

3. D. P. Khandelwal, Optics & Atomic Physics, (Himalaya Publishing House)

4. Jenkins & White, Fundamentals of Optics (McGraw-Hill)

5. R. N. Chaudhary, Waves and Oscillations (New Age Publications)

11

PH204: WAVES & OPTICS LAB

2-Credits (0-0-3)

List of Experiments

1. To determine the wavelength of Sodium light by Newton ring method.

2. To determine the wavelength of Sodium light using Fresnel’s Bi-prism.

3. To study interference and diffraction pattern with slits.

4. To determine the refractive index of the prism and its dispersive power with the help of

spectrometer.

5. To determine the wavelength of different spectral light emitted by light sources with the Plane

Transmission Grating.

6. To determine the specific rotation of cane sugar solution with the help of Polarimeter.

7. To verify the Malus’s law.

8. To determine the plank’s constant by photoelectric effect.

9. To verify Newton’s formula for combination of two lenses.

10. Focal length of a combination of two lenses using Nodal slide assembly.

11. To determine frequency of AC mains using Sonometer.

12. To determine the surface tension by Searle’s apparatus.

13. To determine the coefficient of viscosity by Poiseuillie’s/Stoke’s method.

14. To determine the frequency of an electrically maintained tuning fork by Melde’s experiment and

to verify 2-T law.

15. To study Lissajous’ Figures.

Texts/References

1. Advanced Practical Physics for students, B.L. Flint & H.T. Worsnop, 1971, Asia Publishing

House.

2. Advanced level Physics Practicals, Michael Nelson and Jon M. Ogborn, 4th Edition, reprinted

1985, Heinemann Educational Publishers

3. A Text Book of Practical Physics, Indu Prakash and Ramakrishna, 11th Edition, 2011,

KitabMahal, New Delhi

PH301: SOLID STATE PHYSICS

4-Credits (4-0-0)

Crystal Structure: Solids: Amorphous and crystalline materials, lattice translation vectors, lattice with a

basis, unit Cell, Miller indices, reciprocal lattice, types of lattices, Brillouin zones, diffraction of X-rays

by crystals, Bragg’s law, atomic and geometrical factor.

Elementary Lattice Dynamics: Lattice vibrations and phonons: Linear monoatomic and diatomic chains,

acoustical and optical phonons, qualitative description of the phonon spectrum in solids. Dulong and

Petit’s law, Einstein and Debye theories of specific heat of solids (qualitative only), T3 law.

Magnetic Properties of Matter: Dia, Para, Ferri and Ferromagnetic materials, classical Langevin theory

of dia and paramagnetic domains, quantum mechanical treatment of paramagnetism, Curie’s law, Weiss’s

theory of Ferromagnetism and Ferromagnetic domains, discussion of B-H curve, hysteresis and energy

loss.

Dielectric Properties of Materials: Polarization, local electric field at an atom, depolarization field,

electric susceptibility, polarizability, Clausius-Mosotti equation, Classical theory of electric polarizability,

12

normal and anomalous dispersion, Cauchy and Sellmeir relations, Langevin-Debye equation, complex

dielectric constant, optical phenomena, applications: plasma oscillations, plasma frequency, plasmons.

Elementary BandTheory: Kronig Penny model, band gaps, conductors, semiconductors and insulators,

p and n type semiconductors, conductivity of semiconductors, mobility, Hall Effect, Hall coefficient.

Superconductivity: Experimental results, critical temperature, critical magnetic field, Meissner effect,

type-I, and type-II superconductors.

Texts/References

1. Introduction to Solid State Physics, Charles Kittel, 8th Ed., 2004, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd.

2. Introduction to Solids, Leonid V. Azaroff, 2004, Tata Mc-Graw Hill

3. Solid State Physics, Neil W. Ashcroft and N. David Mermin, 1976, Cengage Learning

4. Solid State Physics, M.A. Wahab, 2011, Narosa Publications

PH303: SOLID STATE PHYSICS LAB

2-Credits (0-0-3)

List of Experiments

1. Measurement of susceptibility of paramagnetic solution (Quinck`s Tube Method)

2. To measure the Magnetic susceptibility of Solids.

3. To determine the Coupling Coefficient of a Piezoelectric crystal.

4. To measure the Dielectric Constant of a dielectric Materials with frequency

5. To determine the complex dielectric constant and plasma frequency of metal using Surface

Plasmon resonance (SPR) technique.

6. To determine the refractive index of a dielectric layer using SPR technique.

7. To study the PE Hysteresis loop of a Ferroelectric Crystal.

8. To draw the BH curve of iron using a Solenoid and determine the energy loss from Hysteresis.

9. To measure the resistivity of a semiconductor (Ge) crystal with temperature (up to 150oC) by

four-probe method and to determine its band gap.

10. To determine the Hall coefficient of a semiconductor sample.

Texts/References

1. Advanced Practical Physics for students, B.L. Flint and H.T. Worsnop, 1971, Asia Publishing

House.

2. Advanced level Physics Practicals, Michael Nelson and Jon M. Ogborn, 4th Edition, reprinted

1985, Heinemann Educational Publishers.

3. Elements of Solid State Physics, J.P. Srivastava, 2nd Ed., 2006, Prentice-Hall of India.

PH 305: PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

Credits: 4 (4-0-0)

Semiconductor Device Physics: Bonding in Solids, Energy Bands, Metals, Semiconductors, and

Insulators, E-k diagram, Direct and Indirect bandgap Semiconductors, Density of states, Occupation

probability, Fermi levels, Charge Carriers in Semiconductors, Effective Mass concept, Intrinsic and

extrinsic Materials, Carrier concentration, Temperature dependence, Drift of Carriers in Electric and

Magnetic Fields, Hall effect.

13

Semiconductor Diodes: p and n type semiconductors, Barrier Formation in PN Junction Diode, Current

Flow Mechanism, junction characteristics, Static and Dynamic Resistance, Transition capacitance,

Varactor diodes, junction breakdown, Zener diode and its characteristics, Tunnel Diode, Schottky Diodes,

Principle and structure of Light Emitting Diodes (LED), Photodiode, Solar Cell.

Bipolar Junction transistors: n-p-n and p-n-p Transistors, Current flow mechanism, CB, CE and CC

Configurations, Active, Cutoff, and Saturation Regions, Current gains α and β, Load Line and Q point,

Biasing of Transistors, h-parameter model, Single-stage CE amplifier using Hybrid Model, Input and

Output Impedance, Current, Voltage and Power Gains, Frequency response of transistors, pnpn diode,

Silicon Controlled Rectifier (SCR).

Field Effect Transistors: Physical Description and Theory of JFET, Static characteristics, Small Signal

Analysis, Equivalent circuit, Fundamental Concept of MOSFETs, Enhancement and Depletion Type.

Texts/References

1. Electronic Devices & Circuits, J. Millman and C.C. Halkias, Tata Mc-Graw Hill (1991).

2. Physics of Semiconductor Devices, S. M. Sze and K. K. Ng, Wiley Interscience (2007).

3. Solid State Electronic Devices: B. Streetman, S. Banerjee, PHI (2009)

4. Electronic Fundamentals and Applications, D. Chattopadhyay and P. C. Rakshit, New Age

International (2008)

PH307 PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES LAB

2-Credits (0-0-3)

List of Experiments

1. To measure of the band-gap of a semiconductor using four-probe method.

2. To study the Hall effect and determine the Hall Coefficient.

3. To study the I-V characteristics of pn junction diode and find the static and dynamic resistance.

4. To study the I-V characteristic of a Zener diode and use it as a voltage regulator.

5. To study the characteristics of (i) Light emitting diode and (ii) Photo-diode.

6. To study the characteristics of a Transistor in (i) CE, (ii) CB, (iii) CC configuration.

7. To design a CE amplifier of a given gain (mid-gain) using voltage divider bias.

8. To study the characteristics of a FET.

Texts/References

1. B.Sc Practical Physics, Geeta Sanon, R. Chand & Co. (2010).

2. B.Sc Practical Physics, Harnam Singh, S. Chand & Co. (2002).

PH309: INTRODUCTORY ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS

3-Credits (3-0-0)

General features of Earth’s atmosphere: Thermal structure of the Earth’s Atmosphere, Composition of

atmosphere, Hydrostatic equation, Atmospheric Thermodynamics, Greenhouse effect, Local winds,

monsoons, fogs, clouds, precipitation, Atmospheric boundary layer, Sea breeze and land breeze.

Atmospheric Waves: Surface water waves, wave dispersion, acoustic waves, buoyancy waves,

propagation of atmospheric gravity waves (AGWs) in a nonhomogeneous medium, Lamb wave, Rossby

waves and its propagation in three dimensions and in sheared flow, wave absorption, non-linear

consideration

14

Atmospheric Radar and Lidar: Radar equation and return signal, Signal processing and detection,

Various type of atmospheric radars, Application of radars to study atmospheric phenomena, Lidar and its

applications.

Atmospheric Aerosols: Spectral distribution of the solar radiation, Classification and properties of

aerosols, Production and removal mechanisms, Concentrations and size distribution, Radiative and health

effects, Absorption and scattering of solar radiation, Rayleigh scattering and Mie scattering, Optical

phenomena in atmosphere, Aerosol studies using Lidars.

Texts/References

1. Fundamental of Atmospheric Physics-Murry L Salby; Academic Press, Vol 61, 1996.

2. The Physics of Atmosphere – John T. Houghton; Cambridge University press; 3rd edn. 2002.

3. An Introduction to dynamic meteorology – James R Holton; Academic Press, 2004.

4. Radar for meteorological and atmospheric observations – S Fukao and K Hamazu, Springer

Japan, 2014

PH311: BASICS OF NANOSCIENCE

3-Credits (3-0-0)

Introduction to Nanoscience: Length scales in physics, Nanostructures: 1D, 2D and 3D nanostructures

(nanodots, thin films, nanowires), band structure and density of states of materials at nanoscale, size

effects in nano systems, characteristic scale for quantum phenomena, quantum confinement,

applications of Schrodinger equation, infinite potential well, quantum confinement of carriers in quantum

confined nanostructures and its consequences.

Overview of Nano Fabrication Methods: Top-down and bottom-up approaches. Sol-Gel, Co-

precipitation and Hydrothermal synthesis. Photolithography. Physical vapor deposition (PVD): Thermal

evaporation, Pulsed Laser deposition. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD). MBE

Characterization Tools: X-Ray Diffraction. Scanning Electron Microscopy. Transmission Electron

Microscopy. Atomic Force Microscopy.. Profilometry. PL, UV Spectroscopy

Optical Properties of nanostructural materials

Applications: Applications of nanostructures for photonic devices (LED’s and solar cells). Introduction

to CNT based devices. Nanomaterial Devices: Quantum dots heterostructure lasers, optical switching and

optical data storage. Magnetic quantum well; magnetic dots -magnetic data storage. Micro

Electromechanical Systems (MEMS), Nano Electromechanical Systems (NEMS). Functionalized

nanoparticles for biological application. Impact of nanotechnology on the environment.

Texts/References

1. Introduction to Nanotechnology by Charles P. Poole, Jr., Frank J. Owens, John Wiley & Sons,

2003.

2. Nanotechnology: Principles & Practices by S.K. Kulkarni, Springer, 3rd Edition, 2015.

3. Nanoscale science and technology, Robert Kelsall, Ian W. Hamley, Mark Geoghegan, John Wiley

& Sons., 2005.

15

4. Nanomaterials: synthesis,properties and applications by A.S Edelstein, R.C Cammaratra, CRC

Press, 1998

5. Electron Microscopy and Analysis, Peter J. Goodhew; John Humphreys; Richard Beanland, CRC

Press, 3rd Edition, 2000.

PH302: ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS

4-Credits (4-0-0)

Basics of Atomic Physics: Quantum states of an electron in an atom, electron spin spectra of H, He, and

alkali metals.

Atoms in Electric and Magnetic Fields: Electron Angular Momentum, Space Quantization. Electron

Spin and Spin Angular Momentum. Larmor’s Theorem. Spin Magnetic Moment. Stern-Gerlach

Experiment. Zeeman Effect: Electron Magnetic Moment and Magnetic Energy, Gyromagnetic Ratio and

Bohr Magneton. Normal and Anomalous Zeeman Effect. Paschen Back and Stark Effect (Qualitative

Discussion only).

Raman Effect: Quantum Theory of Raman Effect. Characteristics of Raman Lines. Stoke’s and Anti-

Stoke’s Lines. Complimentary Character of Raman and infrared Spectra.

Lasers: Einstein’s A and B coefficients. Metastable states. Spontaneous and Stimulated emissions. Optical

Pumping and Population Inversion. Three-Level and Four-Level Lasers. Ruby Laser and He-Ne Laser.

Basics of Nuclear Physics: Structure of nuclei: Basic Properties of Nuclei, Radioactivity: Law of

Radioactive Decay. Half-life, Radioactive Series, Binding Energy, Mass Formula, α-decay: Range of α-

particles, Geiger-Nuttal law and α-particle Spectra. Gamow Theory of Alpha Decay, β-decay: Energy

Spectra and Neutrino Hypothesis, γ-decay: Origin of γ-rays, Nuclear Isomerism and Internal Conversion,

Nuclear Reactions: Types of Reactions and Conservation Laws. Concept of Compound and Direct

Reaction. Compound Nucleus. Scattering Problem in One Dimension : Reflection and Transmission by a

Finite Potential Step, Attractive and Repulsive Potential Barriers. Scattering Cross-section. Reaction Rate.

Q-value of Reaction. Fission and Fusion. Nuclear Models: Liquid Drop Model. Mass formula. Shell

Model. Meson Theory of Nuclear Forces and Discovery of Pion. Accelerators, Detectors of Nuclear

Radiations (Qualitative Discussion Only).

Texts/References

1. Concepts of Modern Physics by Arthur Beiser (McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1987)

2. Atomic physics by J.B.Rajam & foreword by Louis De Broglie.( S.Chand & Co., 2007).

3. Atomic Physics by J.H.Fewkes & John Yarwood. Vol. II (Oxford Univ. Press, 1991).

4. Nuclear physics by Irving Kaplan. (Oxford & IBH, 1962).

5. Introductory nuclear physics by Kenneth S. Krane.( John Wiley & Sons, 1988).

6. Concepts of nuclear physics by Bernard L.Cohen.(New Delhi: Tata Mcgraw Hill, (1998).

PH-304: ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS LAB

2-Credits (0-0-3)

List of Experiments

1. To study the absorption spectra of He and Na source.

2. To determine refractive index of the Material of a prism using sodium source.

3. To determine the dispersive power and Cauchy constants of the material of a prism using mercury

source.

16

4. To determine the absorption lines in the rotational spectrum of Iodine vapour.

5. To determine wavelength of (1) Na source and (2) spectral lines of Hg source using plane

diffraction grating.

6. To determine the wavelength of H-alpha emission line of Hydrogen atom.

7. To determine the ionization potential of mercury.

8. To setup the Millikan oil drop apparatus and determine the charge of an electron.

9. To determine the wavelength of laser source using diffraction of single slit.

10. To determine the wavelength of laser source using diffraction of double slits.

11. To determine angular spread of He-Ne laser using plane diffraction grating

12. Study of Electron spin resonance- determine magnetic field as a function of the resonance

frequency

13. Study of Zeeman effect: with external magnetic field; Hyperfine splitting

Texts/References

1. Advanced Practical Physics for students, B.L. Flint and H.T. Worsnop, 1971, Asia Publishing

House

2. A Text Book of Practical Physics, I. Prakash & Ramakrishna, 11-th Ed., 2011,Kitab Mahal

3. Advanced level Physics Practicals, Michael Nelson and Jon M. Ogborn, 4th Edition, reprinted

1985, Heinemann Educational Publishers

4. A Laboratory Manual of Physics for undergraduate classes, D.P.Khandelwal, 1985, Vani Pub.

PH306: MODERN PHYSICS AND QUANTUM MECHANICS

4-Credits (4-0-0)

Dual nature of wave and particle: Origin of Planck’s quantum theory, Planck’s constant and light as a

collection of photons; Blackbody Radiation: Quantum theory of Light; Photo-electric effect and Compton

scattering, de Broglie wavelength and matter waves; electron diffraction, Davisson-Germer experiment,

Wave description of particles by wave packets, Group and Phase velocities and relation between them.

Two-Slit experiment with electrons. Probability amplitude and density, Wave amplitude and wave

functions, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Estimating minimum energy of a confined particle using

uncertainty principle; Energy-time uncertainty principle.

Quantum mechanics: Matter waves and wave amplitude; time independent and dependent Schrodinger

equation for non-relativistic particles; Momentum and Energy operators; stationary states; physical

interpretation of a wave function, probabilities and normalization; Applications of Schrodinger’s

equation: One dimensional infinitely rigid box- energy eigenvalues and eigenfunctions, normalization,

Quantum mechanical tunneling in one dimension-across a step potential and rectangular potential barrier.

Basics of Atomic Physics: Quantum states of an electron in an atom, atomic spectra of H, He, and alkali

metals, Bohr atom, Quatum theory of H atom, Quantum numbers, Spectral Notations for Atomic States,

electron spin, Pauli’s Exclusion Principle, Stern-Gerlach experiment (Brief discussion), Symmetric and

antisymmetric wavefunctions, Hund’s rule, Spin orbit coupling, Total Angular Momentum, L-S and J-J

couplings.

Basics of Nuclear Physics: Size and structure of atomic nucleus and its relation with atomic weight;

Binding energy, Radioactivity: stability of the nucleus; Law of radioactive decay; Mean life and half-life;

Alpha decay; Beta decay- energy released, spectrum and Pauli's prediction of neutrino; Gamma ray

emission, Nature of nuclear force, Liquid Drop model: semi-empirical mass formula and binding energy.

17

energy-momentum conservation: electron-positron pair creation by gamma photons in the vicinity of a

nucleus. Fission and fusion reactions (brief qualitative discussions).

Texts/References

1. Concepts of Modern Physics, Arthur Beiser, 2002, McGraw-Hill.

2. Introduction to Modern Physics, Rich Meyer, Kennard, Coop, 2002, Tata McGraw Hill

3. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics, David J. Griffith, 2005, Pearson Education.

4. Modern Physics, G.Kaur and G.R. Pickrell, 2014, McGraw Hill

5. A. Ghatak and S. Lokanathan, “Quantum Mechanics: Theory and Applications”, Kluwer Academic

Publishers (2004)

6. H. C. Verma, “Quantum Physics”, Surya Publications (2006)

PH-308: MODERN PHYSICS AND QUANTUM MECHANICS LAB

2-Credits (0-0-3)

List of Experiments

1. Measurement of Planck’s constant using black body radiation and photo-detector

2. Measurement of Planck’s constant using Photoelectric effect.

3. Photo-electric effect: photo current versus intensity and wavelength of light; maximum energy

of photo-electrons versus frequency of light

4. To determine work function of material of filament of directly heated vacuum diode.

5. To determine the Planck’s constant using LEDs of at least 4 different colours.

6. To determine the wavelength of H-alpha emission line of Hydrogen atom.

7. To determine the ionization potential of mercury.

8. To determine the absorption lines in the rotational spectrum of Iodine vapour.

9. To determine the value of e/m by (a) Magnetic focusing or (b) Bar magnet.

10. To setup the Millikan oil drop apparatus and determine the charge of an electron.

11. To show the tunneling effect in tunnel diode using I-V characteristics.

12. To determine angular spread of He-Ne laser using plane diffraction grating.

Texts/References

1. Advanced Practical Physics for students, B.L. Flint and H.T.Worsnop, 1971, Asia Publishing

House

2. Advanced level Physics Practicals, Michael Nelson and Jon M. Ogborn, 4th Edition, reprinted

1985, Heinemann Educational Publishers

3. A Text Book of Practical Physics, I.Prakash & Ramakrishna, 11th Edn, 2011,Kitab Mahal

18

=========================================

Physics: Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC)

========================================= PH205: RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY HARVESTING

2-Credits (2-0-0)

Conventional Energy Sources: Review of conventional energy sources and their limitations.

Solar Energy: Solar energy and its importance, storage of solar energy, solar pond, non convective solar

pond, applications of solar energy, photovoltaic (PV) systems, PV models and equivalent circuits, sun

tracking systems.

Wind Energy Harvesting: Fundamentals of Wind energy, Wind Turbines and different electrical

machines in wind turbines, Power electronic interfaces, and grid interconnection topologies.

Ocean Energy: Ocean Energy Potential against Wind and Solar, Wave Characteristics and Statistics,

Wave Energy Devices.

Hydro Energy: Hydropower resources, hydropower technologies, environmental impact of hydro power

sources.

Piezoelectric Energy harvesting: Physics and characteristics of piezoelectric effect, materials and

mathematical description of piezoelectricity, piezoelectric parameters and modeling piezoelectric

generators, applications.

Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting: Linear generators, physics mathematical models, recent

applications.

Environmental issues and sustainability.

Texts/References

1. Non-conventional energy sources, B.H. Khan, Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2006.

2. Solar Energy: Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage, K. Sukhatme, Suhas P.

Sukhatme, Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 1996.

3. Renewable Energy, Power for a sustainable future, Godfrey Boyle, 3rd Edn., Oxford

University Press, 2012.

4. Solar Energy Resource Assessment Handbook, Jayakumar, Renewable Energy Corporation

Network for the Asia Pacific, 2009.

5. J. Balfour, M.Shaw and S. Jarosek, Photovoltaics, Lawrence J Goodrich (USA).

PH-206: COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS

2-Credits (2-0-0)

Basic programming techniques, Introduction to MATLAB, variables and arrays; scalar and array

operations; built-in MATLAB functions; file input/output. Data visualisation and plotting in MATLAB;

Revision of error analysis; propagation of errors; MATLAB functions for error analysis; User-defined

functions in MATLAB, Numerical methods for solving ordinary differential equations; Classical

electrons in crossed electric and magnetic fields, Integral equations: Calculation of scattering cross

section (a) quantum scattering with a spherically symmetric potential, Partial differential

equations: Laplaces equation, wave equations , diffusion equation and Maxwells equations . Numerical

solution of some specific computational problems in Physics.

19

Texts/References

1. J Hasbun, P. Devries, A first course in computational physics

2. Rudra Pratap, Getting started with Matlab 7: A quick introduction for Scientists and Engineers,

Oxford University Press (2002).

PH313 : PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY AND DEVICE FABRICATION

2-Credits (2-0-0)

Fundamentals of Photolithography, Photo resists (PR), Positive and negative photo resists, Photo Resist

Parameters, Developers, Key steps for doped Silicon photolithography, growth of oxide layer, surface

preparation, coating of the Photo resist, Photo mask fabrication, Chromium etching, Optical exposure.

Transparent conducting oxides films in device applications, Optical and electronic properties (absorption,

resistivity, work function) of indium tin oxide (ITO) thin film. Introduction to Solar Cells and Light

emitting diodes (LED) structure.

Patterning of ITO, Surface treatment, evaporation or coating process, encapsulation, major challenges in

device fabrication, optical out-coupling and approaches, Commercialization issues for solar cell and

display devices: Efficiency, life time, size, weight & cost, Resolution, brightness, CIE, colour Gamut,

aspect ratio, contrast ratio, power consumption.

Texts/References/Resources

1. S.M.Sze, VLSI Technology, Tata McGraw Hill Edition (2003).

2. Franky So,’Organic Electronics’, CRC Press (2010).

3. Web: http://www.nptel.ac.in

PH-310: SIMULATION EXPERIMENTS IN PHYSICS

2-Credits (0-0-4)

1. Comparative study of gravitational, electromagnetic, and nuclear forces.

2. Planetary motion and satellite orbits.

3. Length contraction, time dilation, and mass energy equivalence.

4. Electric and magnetic field analysis for different charge and current distributions.

5. Electromagnetic wave propagation

6. Heat transfer

7. Blackbody radiation, ultraviolet catastrophe, and Planck’s radiation law.

8. Calculating energy levels for hydrogen like atoms and analysis of their spectra.

9. Energy levels, wavefunctions and, probability densities for a particle in one dimensional infinitely

rigid box.

10. Energy levels, wavefunctions and, probability densities for a harmonic oscillator.

11. Quantum mechanical scattering and tunneling.

12. I-V Characteristics of semiconductor devices.

20

=====================================================================

CHEMISTRY ===========================================================================

Core papers Chemistry (Credit: 06 each) :

Semester-I, CC-II

(i) CH 101- Atomic Structure, Bonding, General Organic Chemistry &Aliphatic Hydrocarbons

(ii) CH 103- Laboratory-I

Semester-II, CC-V

(i) CH 102- Chemical Energetic, Equilibrium & Functional Group Organic Chemistry-I

(ii) CH 104 Laboratory-II

Semester-III, CC-VIII

(i) CH 201- Conductance, Electrochemistry & Functional Group Organic Chemistry-II

(ii) CH 203 - Laboratory-III

Semester-IV, CC-XI

(i) CH 202-Transition Metal & Coordination Chemistry, States of Matter and Chemical Kinetics

(ii) CH 204- Laboratory-IV

Discipline Specific Elective papers (Credit: 06 each):

Semester-V, DSE-2 (Choose one)

(i) CH 301-Industrial Chemicals & Environment

(ii) CH 303- Laboratory(DSE)-V

(iii) CH 305 Quantum Chemistry, Spectroscopy & Photochemistry

(iv) CH 307- Laboratory(DSE)-V

Semester-VI, DSE-5 (Choose one)

(i) CH 302-Molecules of Life

(ii) CH 304- Laboratory(DSE)-VI

(iii) CH 306- Chemistry of Main Group Elements, Theories of Acids and Bases

(iv) CH 308- Laboratory(DSE)-VI

Skill Enhancement Course (Credit: 02 each)

Semester-III, SEC-I

CH 205-Intellectual Property Rights.

Semester-IV, SEC-II

CH 206-Green Methods in Chemistry.

Semester-V, SEC-III

CH 309-Pharmaceutical Chemistry.

Semester-VI, SEC-IV

CH 310-Chemistry of Cosmetics & Perfumes.

21

SEMESTER-1

CHEMISTRY- CC-II:

CH 101-ATOMIC STRUCTURE, BONDING, GENERALORGANIC CHEMISTRY &

ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS

(Credits: Theory-04, Practicals-02) Theory: 60 Lectures

Section A: Inorganic Chemistry-1 (30 Lectures)

Atomic Structure: Bohr’s theory, its limitations and atomic spectrum of hydrogen atom. Wave

mechanics: de Broglie equation, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and its significance, Schrödinger’s

wave equation, significance of ψ and ψ 2. Quantum numbers and their significance. Normal and

orthogonal wave functions. Sign of wave functions. Radial and angular wave functions. Radial and

angular distribution curves. Shapes of s, p, d and f orbitals. Contour boundary and probability

diagrams.Pauli’s exclusion principle, Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity, Aufbau’s principle and its

limitations, Variation of orbital energy with atomic number. (7 Lectures)

Periodicity of Elements:s, p, d, f block elements, the long form of periodic table. Detailed discussion of

thefollowing properties of the elements, with reference to s & p- block,

Effective nuclear charge, shielding or screening effect, Slater rules, variation of effective nuclear charge

in periodic table.

Ionization enthalpy, Successive ionization enthalpies and factors affecting ionization energy.

Applications of ionization enthalpy.

Electron gain enthalpy, trends of electron gain enthalpy.

Electronegativity, Pauling’s/ Mulliken’s/ Allred Rachow’s/ and Mulliken-Jaffe’s electronegativity scales.

Variation of electronegativity with bond order, partial charge, hybridization, group electronegativity.

Sanderson’s electron density ratio. (7 Lectures)

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Ionic Bonding:General characteristics of ionic bonding. Energy considerations inionic bonding, lattice

energy and solvation energy and their importance in the context of stability and solubility of ionic

compounds. Statement of Born-Landé equation for calculation of lattice energy, Born-Haber cycle and its

applications, polarizing power and polarizability. Fajan’s rules, ionic character in covalent compounds,

bond moment, dipole moment and percentage ionic character.

Covalent bonding:VB Approach: Shapes of some inorganic molecules and ions onthe basis of VSEPR

and hybridization with suitable examples of linear, trigonal planar, square planar, tetrahedral, trigonal

bipyramidal and octahedral arrangements. Concept of resonance and resonating structures in various

inorganic and organic compounds.

MO Approach: Rules for the LCAO method, bonding and antibonding MOs and their characteristics for

s-s, s-p and p-p combinations of atomic orbitals, nonbonding combination of orbitals, MO treatment of

22

homonuclear diatomic molecules of 1st and 2nd periods (including idea of s-p mixing) and heteronuclear

diatomic molecules such as CO, NO and NO+. Comparison of VB and MO approaches. (16 Lectures)

Section B: Organic Chemistry-1 (30 Lectures)

Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry: Organic Compounds: Classification, and Nomenclature,

Hybridization, Shapes of molecules, Influence of hybridization on bond properties. Electronic

Displacements: Inductive, electromeric, resonance and mesomeric effects, hyperconjugation and their

applications; Dipole moment; Organic acids and bases; their relative strength. Homolytic and Heterolytic

fission with suitable examples. Curly arrow rules, formal charges; Electrophiles and Nucleophiles;

Nucleophlicity and basicity; Types, shape and their relative stability of Carbocations, Carbanions, Free

radicals and Carbenes

Introduction to types of organic reactions and their mechanism: Addition, Elimination and

Substitution reactions. (8 Lectures)

Stereochemistry: Conformations with respect to ethane, butane and cyclohexane. Interconversion of

Wedge Formula, Newmann, Sawhorse and Fischer representations. Concept of chirality (up to two carbon

atoms). Configuration: Geometrical and Optical isomerism; Enantiomerism, Diastereomerism and Meso

compounds). Threo and erythro; D and L; cis - trans nomenclature; CIP Rules: R/ S (for upto 2 chiral

carbon atoms) and E / Z Nomenclature (for upto two C=C systems). (10 Lectures)

Chemistry of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons Carbon-Carbon sigma bonds :Chemistry of alkanes: Formation of alkanes, Wurtz Reaction, Wurtz-

Fittig Reactions, Free radical substitutions: Halogenation - relative reactivity and selectivity.

Carbon-Carbon pi bonds :Formation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions, Mechanism of

E1, E2, E1cb reactions. Saytzeff and Hofmann eliminations.

Reactions of alkenes: Electrophilic additions their mechanisms (Markownikoff/ Anti Markownikoff

addition), mechanism of oxymercuration-demercuration, hydroboration-oxidation, ozonolysis, reduction

(catalytic and chemical), syn and anti hydroxylation (oxidation). 1, 2- and 1, 4- addition reactions in

conjugated dienes and, Diels-Alder reaction; Allylic and benzylic bromination and mechanism, e.g.

propene, 1-butene, toluene, ethyl benzene.

Reactions of alkynes: Acidity, Electrophilic and Nucleophilic additions. Hydration to form carbonyl

compounds, Alkylation of terminal alkynes. (12 Lectures)

Reference Books:

1. Lee, J.D. Concise Inorganic Chemistry ELBS, 1991.

2. Cotton, F.A., Wilkinson, G. &Gaus, P.L. Basic Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd ed., Wiley.

3. Douglas, B.E., McDaniel, D.H. & Alexander, J.J. Concepts and Models inInorganic Chemistry,

John Wiley & Sons.

4. Huheey, J.E., Keiter, E.A., Keiter, R.L. &Medhi, O.K. Inorganic Chemistry:Principles of

Structure and Reactivity, Pearson Education India, 2006.

5. Graham Solomon, T.W., Fryhle, C.B. &Dnyder, S.A. Organic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons

(2014).

6. McMurry, J.E. Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry, 7th Ed. Cengage Learning India Edition,

2013.

7. Eliel, E.L. Stereochemistry of Carbon Compounds, Tata McGraw Hill education, 2000.

23

8. Finar, I.L. Organic Chemistry (Vol. I & II), E.L.B.S.

9. Morrison, R.T. & Boyd, R.N. Organic Chemistry, Pearson, 2010

CHEMISTRY LAB CC-I:

CH 103 – LABORATORY-I: ATOMIC STRUCTURE, BONDING, GENERAL ORGANIC

CHEMISTRY & ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS

(60 Lectures)

Section A: Inorganic Chemistry - Volumetric Analysis

1. Estimation of sodium carbonate and sodium hydrogen carbonate present in a mixture.

2. Estimation of oxalic acid by titrating it with KMnO4.

3. Estimation of water of crystallization in Mohr’s salt by titrating with KMnO4.

4. Estimation of Fe (II) ions by titrating it with K2Cr2O7 using internal indicator & external indicator.

5. To determine calcium and magnesium hardness of given water sample separately.

Section B: Organic Chemistry

1. Detection of extra elements (N, S, Cl, Br, I) in organic compounds (containing upto two extra

elements).

2. Separation of mixtures by Chromatography: Measure the Rf value in each case (combination of two

compounds to be given)

(a) Identify and separate the components of a given mixture of two amino acids (glycine, aspartic

acid, glutamic acid, tyrosine or any other amino acid) by paper chromatography

(b) Identify and separate the sugars present in the given mixture by paper chromatography.

Reference Books:

1. Svehla, G. Vogel’s Qualitative Inorganic Analysis, Pearson Education, 2012.

2. Mendham, J. Vogel’s Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Pearson, 2009.

3. Vogel, A.I., Tatchell, A.R., Furnis, B.S., Hannaford, A.J. & Smith, P.W.G., Textbook of Practical

Organic Chemistry, Prentice-Hall, 5th edition, .

SEMESTER-II

CHEMISTRY- CC-V:

CH 102- CHEMICAL ENERGETICS, EQUILIBRIA , FUNCTIONAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

(Credits: Theory-04, Practicals-02) Theory: 60 Lectures

Section A: Physical Chemistry-1 (30 Lectures)

Chemical Energetics: Review of thermodynamics and the Laws of Thermodynamics. Important

principles and definitions of thermochemistry. Concept of standard state and standard enthalpies of

formations, integral and differential enthalpies of solution and dilution. Calculation of bond energy, bond

dissociation energy and resonance energy from thermochemical data. Variation of enthalpy of a reaction

with temperature – Kirchhoff’s equation. Statement of Third Law of thermodynamics and calculation of

absolute entropies of substances.

(10 Lectures)

24

Chemical Equilibrium: Free energy change in a chemical reaction. Thermodynamic derivation of the

law of chemical equilibrium. Distinction between G and Go, Le Chatelier’s principle. Relationships

between Kp, Kc and Kx for reactions involving ideal gases. (8 Lectures)

Ionic Equilibria: Strong, moderate and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, factors affecting degree

of ionization, ionization constant and ionic product of water. Ionization of weak acids and bases, pH

scale, common ion effect. Salt hydrolysis-calculation of hydrolysis constant, degree of hydrolysis and pH

for different salts. Buffer solutions. Solubility and solubility product of sparingly soluble salts –

applications of solubility product principle. (12

Lectures)

Section B: Organic Chemistry-2 (30 Lectures)

Functional group approach for the following reactions (preparations & reactions) to be studied in context

to their structure.

Aromatic hydrocarbons: Preparation (Case benzene): from phenol, by decarboxylation, from acetylene,

from benzene sulphonic acid.

Reactions: (Case benzene): Electrophilic substitution: nitration, halogenation and sulphonation. Friedel-

Craft’s reaction (alkylation and acylation) (upto 4 carbons on benzene). Side chain oxidation of alkyl

benzenes (upto 4 carbons on benzene). (8 Lectures)

Alkyl and Aryl Halides:

Alkyl Halides Methods of preparation, nucleophilic substitution reactions – SN1, SN2 and SNi

mechanisms with stereochemical aspects and effect of solvent etc.; nucleophilic substitution vs

elimination

Aryl halides: Preparation, including preparation from diazonium salts. nucleophilic aromatic

substitution; SNAr, Benzyne mechanism Relative reactivity of Alkyl, allyl/benzyl, vinyl and aryl

halides towards nucleophilic substitution reactions. Organometallic compounds of Mg and Li –

Use in synthesis of organic compounds. (8 Lectures)

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers (Upto 5 Carbons)

Grignard Reagent: Preparation, Properties and Reaction mechanism.

Alcohols: preparation, properties and relative reactivity of 10 , 20 , 30 alcohols, Bouvaelt-Blanc

Reduction; Preparation and properties of glycols: Oxidation by periodic acid and lead

tetraacetate, Pinacol- Pinacolone rearrangement;

Phenols: Preparation and properties; Acidity and factors effecting it, Ring substitution reactions,

Reimer – Tiemann and Kolbe’s – Schmidt Reactions, Fries and Claisen rearrangements with

mechanism;

Ethers and Epoxides: Preparation and reactions with acids. Reactions of epoxides with

alcohols, ammonia derivatives and LiAlH4

Aldehydes and ketones (aliphatic and aromatic): (Formaldehye, acetaldehyde, acetone and

benzaldehyde) Preparation: from acid chlorides and from nitriles.

Reactions – Reaction with HCN, ROH, NaHSO3, NH2-G derivatives. Iodoform test. Aldol Condensation,

Cannizzaro’s reaction, Wittig reaction, Benzoin condensation. Clemensen reduction and Wolff Kishner

reduction. Meerwein-Pondorff Verley reduction. (14 Lectures)

Reference Books:

25

1. Graham Solomon, T.W., Fryhle, C.B. &Dnyder, S.A. Organic Chemistry,John Wiley & Sons

(2014).

2. McMurry, J.E. Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry, 7th Ed. Cengage Learning India Edition,

2013.

3. Finar, I.L. Organic Chemistry (Vol. I & II), E.L.B.S.

4. Morrison, R.T. & Boyd, R.N. Organic Chemistry, Pearson, 2010

5. Bahl, A. &Bahl, B.S. Advanced Organic Chemistry, S. Chand, 2010.

6. Barrow, G.M. Physical Chemistry Tata McGraw‐Hill (2007).

7. Castellan, G.W. Physical Chemistry 4th Ed. Narosa (2004).

8. Kotz, J.C., Treichel, P.M. & Townsend, J.R. General Chemistry Cengage Learning India Pvt.

Ltd., New Delhi (2009)

CHEMISTRY LAB CC-V:

CH 104- LABORATORY-I: CHEMICAL ENERGETICS, EQUILIBRIA& FUNCTIONAL

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (60 Lectures)

Section A: Physical Chemistry

Thermochemistry

1. Determination of heat capacity of calorimeter for different volumes.

2. Determination of enthalpy of neutralization of hydrochloric acid with sodium hydroxide.

3. Determination of enthalpy of ionization of acetic acid.

4. Determination of integral enthalpy of solution of salts (KNO3, NH4Cl).

5. Determination of enthalpy of hydration of copper sulphate.

6. Study of the solubility of benzoic acid in water and determination of H.

Ionic equilibria

1. pH measurements

a. Measurement of pH of different solutions like aerated drinks, fruit juices, shampoos and soaps

(use dilute solutions of soaps and shampoos to prevent damage to the glass electrode) using pH-

meter.

b. Preparation of buffer solutions:

(i) Sodium acetate-acetic acid

(ii)Ammonium chloride-ammonium hydroxide

Measurement of the pH of buffer solutions and comparison of the values with theoretical values.

Section B: Organic Chemistry

1. Purification of organic compounds by crystallization (from water and alcohol) and distillation.

2. Criteria of Purity: Determination of melting and boiling points.

3. Preparations: Mechanism of various reactions involved to be discussed. Recrystallisation,

determination of melting point and calculation ofquantitative yields to be done.

a. Bromination of Phenol/Aniline

b. Benzoylation of amines/phenols

c. Oxime and 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone of aldehyde/ketone

26

Reference Books

1. Vogel, A.I., Tatchell, A.R., Furnis, B.S., Hannaford, A.J. & Smith, P.W.G.,

2. Textbook of Practical Organic Chemistry, Prentice-Hall, 5th edition, 1996.

3. Mann, F.G. & Saunders, B.C. Practical Organic ChemistryOrient-Longman, 1960.

4. Khosla, B. D.; Garg, V. C. & Gulati, A. Senior Practical Physical Chemistry, R. Chand & Co.: New

Delhi (2011).

SEMESTER-III

CHEMISTRY- CC-VIII:

CH 201- SOLUTIONS, PHASE EQUILIBRIUM, CONDUCTANCE, ELECTROCHEMISTRY &

FUNCTIONAL GROUP ORGANIC CHEMISTRY-II

(Credits: Theory-04, Practicals-02) Theory: 60 Lectures

Section A: Physical Chemistry-2 (30 Lectures)

Solutions: Thermodynamics of ideal solutions: Ideal solutions and Raoult’s law, deviations from Raoult’s

law – non-ideal solutions. Vapour pressure-composition and temperature- composition curves of ideal

and non-ideal solutions. Distillation of solutions. Lever rule. Azeotropes.

Partial miscibility of liquids: Critical solution temperature; effect of impurity on partial miscibility of

liquids. Immiscibility of liquids- Principle of steam distillation. Nernst distribution law and its

applications, solvent extraction. (8 Lectures)

Phase Equilibrium: Phases, components and degrees of freedom of a system, criteria of phase

equilibrium. Gibbs Phase Rule and its thermodynamic derivation. Derivation of

Clausius – Clapeyron equation and its importance in phase equilibria. Phase diagrams of one-

component systems (water and sulphur) and two component systems involving eutectics, congruent and

incongruent melting points (lead-silver,FeCl3-H2O and Na-K only).

(8 Lectures)

Conductance: Conductivity, equivalent and molar conductivity and their variation with dilution for weak

and strong electrolytes. Kohlrausch law of independent migration of ions.

Transference number and its experimental determination using Hittorf and Moving boundary methods.

Ionic mobility. Applications of conductance measurements: determination of degree of ionization of weak

electrolyte, solubility and solubility products of sparingly soluble salts, ionic product of water, hydrolysis

constant of a salt. Conductometric titrations (only acid-base). (6 Lectures)

Electrochemistry: Reversible and irreversible cells. Concept of EMF of a cell. Measurement of EMF of

a cell. Nernst equation and its importance. Types of electrodes. Standard electrode potential.

Electrochemical series. Thermodynamics of a reversible cell, calculation of thermodynamic

properties: G, H and S from EMF data.Calculation of equilibrium constant from EMF data. Concentration

cells with transference and without transference. Liquid junction potential and salt bridge.pH

determination using hydrogen electrode and quinhydrone electrode.

Potentiometrictitrations -qualitative treatment (acid-base and oxidation-reductiononly). (8 Lectures)

27

Section B: Organic Chemistry-3 (30 Lectures)

Functional group approach for the following reactions (preparations & reactions) to be studied in context

to their structure.

Carboxylic acids and their derivatives: Carboxylic acids (aliphatic and aromatic), Preparation: Acidic

and Alkaline hydrolysis of esters.Reactions: Hell – Vohlard - Zelinsky Reaction.

Carboxylic acid derivatives (aliphatic): (Upto 5 carbons) Preparation: Acid chlorides, Anhydrides,

Esters and Amides from acids and their interconversion. Reactions: Comparative study of nucleophilicity

of acyl derivatives. Reformatsky Reaction, Perkin condensation. (6 Lectures)Amines and

Diazonium Salts: Amines (Aliphatic and Aromatic): (Upto 5 carbons)

Preparation: from alkyl halides, Gabriel’s Phthalimide synthesis, Hofmann Bromamide reaction.

Reactions: Hofmann vs. Saytzeff elimination, Carbylamine test, Hinsberg test, with HNO2, Schotten –

Baumann Reaction. Electrophilic substitution (case aniline): nitration, bromination, sulphonation.

Diazonium salts:

Preparation: from aromatic amines. Reactions: conversion to benzene, phenol, dyes.(6 Lectures)

Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins: Preparation of Amino Acids: Strecker synthesis using Gabriel’s

phthalimide synthesis. Zwitterion, Isoelectric point and Electrophoresis.

Reactions of Amino acids: ester of –COOH group, acetylation of –NH2 group, complexation with

Cu2+ ions, ninhydrin test.

Overview of Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure of proteins.

Determination of Primary structure of Peptides by degradation Edmann degradation (N-terminal) and C–

terminal (thiohydantoin and with carboxypeptidase enzyme). Synthesis of simple peptides (upto

dipeptides) byN-protection (t-butyloxycarbonyl and phthaloyl) & C-activating groups and

Merrifield solid-phase synthesis. (10 Lectures)

Carbohydrates: Classification, and General Properties, Glucose and Fructose (open chain and cyclic

structure), Determination of configuration of monosaccharides, absolute configuration of Glucose and

Fructose, Mutarotation, ascending and descending in monosaccharides. Structure of disacharrides

(sucrose, cellobiose, maltose, lactose) and polysacharrides (starch and cellulose) excluding their structure

elucidation.

Reference Books:

1. Barrow, G.M. Physical Chemistry Tata McGraw‐Hill (2007).

2. Castellan, G.W. Physical Chemistry 4th Ed. Narosa (2004).

3. Kotz, J.C., Treichel, P.M. & Townsend, J.R. General Chemistry, Cengage Learning India Pvt.

Ltd.: New Delhi (2009).

4. Morrison, R. T. & Boyd, R. N. Organic Chemistry, Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. (Pearson

Education).

5. Finar, I. L. Organic Chemistry (Volume 1), Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. (Pearson

Education).

6. Nelson, D. L. & Cox, M. M. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry 7thEd.,

7. Berg, J.M., Tymoczko, J.L. &Stryer, L. Biochemistry, W.H. Freeman, 2002

28

CHEMISTRY CC-VIII- LABORATORY

CH 203- LABORATORY-II: SOLUTIONS, PHASE EQUILIBRIUM, CONDUCTANCE,

ELECTROCHEMISTRY & FUNCTIONAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY-II (60 Lectures)

Section A: Physical Chemistry

Distribution

Study of the equilibrium of one of the following reactions by the distribution method:

i. I2(aq) + I-(aq) I3-(aq)

ii. Cu2+(aq) + xNH2(aq) [Cu(NH3)x]2+

Phase equilibria

1. Construction of the phase diagram of a binary system (simple eutectic) using cooling curves.

2. Determination of the critical solution temperature and composition of the phenol water system

and study of the effect of impurities on it.

3. Study of the variation of mutual solubility temperature with concentration for the phenol water

system and determination of the critical solubility temperature.

Conductance

1. Determination of cell constant

2. Determination of equivalent conductance, degree of dissociation and dissociation constant of a

weak acid.

3. Perform the following conductometric titrations:

i. Strong acid vs. strong base

ii. Weak acid vs. strong base

Potentiometry

1. Perform the following potentiometric titrations:

i. Strong acid vs. strong base

ii. Weak acid vs. strong base

iii. Potassium dichromate vs. Mohr's salt

2. Determination of cell constant.

3. Determination of equivalent conductance, degree of dissociation and dissociation constant of a

weak acid.

4. Perform the following conductometric titrations:

i. Strong acid vs. strong base

ii. Weak acid vs. strong base

iii. Potassium dichromate vs. Mohr's salt

Section B: Organic Chemistry

1. Systematic Qualitative Organic Analysis of Organic Compounds possessing monofunctional

groups (-COOH, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, amide, nitro, amines) and preparation of one

derivative.

2.

i. Separation of amino acids by paper chromatography

ii. Determination of the concentration of glycine solution by formulation method.

iii. Titration curve of glycine

29

iv. Action of salivary amylase on starch

v. Effect of temperature on the action of salivary amylase on starch.

vi. Differentiation between a reducing and a non-reducing sugar.

Reference Books:

1. Vogel, A.I., Tatchell, A.R., Furnis, B.S., Hannaford, A.J. & Smith, P.W.G.,

2. Textbook of Practical Organic Chemistry, Prentice-Hall, 5th edition, 1996.

3. Khosla, B. D.; Garg, V. C. & Gulati, A. Senior Practical Physical Chemistry, R. Chand & Co.:

New Delhi (2011).

4. Ahluwalia, V.K. & Aggarwal, R. Comprehensive Practical Organic Chemistry, Universities

Press.

SEMESTER-IV

CHEMISTRY- CC-XI:

CH 202-TRANSITION METAL &COORDINATION CHEMISTRY, STATES OF MATTER &

CHEMICAL KINETICS

(Credits: Theory-04, Practicals-02) Theory: 60 Lectures

Transition Elements (3d series): General group trends with special reference to electronic configuration,

variable valency, colour, magnetic and catalytic properties, ability to form complexes and stability of

various oxidation states (Latimer diagrams) for Mn, Fe and Cu.

Lanthanoids and actinoids: Electronic configurations, oxidation states, colour, magnetic properties,

lanthanide contraction, separation of lanthanides (ion exchange method only).(12 Lectures)

Coordination Chemistry: Valence Bond Theory (VBT): Inner and outer orbital complexes of Cr, Fe,

Co, Ni and Cu (coordination numbers 4 and 6). Structural and stereoisomerism in complexes with

coordination numbers 4 and 6.Drawbacks of VBT. IUPAC system of nomenclature.(8 Lectures)

Crystal Field Theory: Crystal field effect, octahedral symmetry. Crystal field stabilization energy

(CFSE), Crystal field effects for weak and strong fields. Tetrahedral symmetry. Factors affecting the

magnitude of D. Spectrochemical series. Comparison of CFSE for Ohand Td complexes, Tetragonal

distortion of octahedral geometry.Jahn-Teller distortion, Square planar coordination.(10 Lectures)

Section B: Physical Chemistry-3 (30 Lectures)

Kinetic Theory of Gases: Postulates of Kinetic Theory of Gases and derivation of the kinetic gas

equation.Deviation of real gases from ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, causes of deviation. van der

Waals equation of state for real gases. Boyle temperature (derivation not required). Critical phenomena,

critical constants and their calculation from van der Waals equation. Andrews isotherms of CO2.Maxwell

Boltzmann distribution laws of molecular velocities and molecular energies (graphic representation –

derivation not required) and their importance.Temperature dependence of these distributions. Most

probable, average and root mean square velocities (no derivation). Collision cross section, collision

number, collision frequency, collision diameter and mean free path of molecules. Viscosity of gases and

effect of temperature and pressure on coefficient of viscosity (qualitative treatment only).(8 Lectures)

Liquids: Surface tension and its determination using stalagmometer. Viscosity of a liquid and

determination of coefficient of viscosity using Ostwald viscometer. Effect of temperature on surface

tension and coefficient of viscosity of a liquid (qualitative treatment only).(6 Lectures)

30

Solids: Forms of solids. Symmetry elements, unit cells, crystal systems, Bravais lattice types and

identification of lattice planes. Laws of Crystallography - Law of constancy of interfacial angles, Law of

rational indices. Miller indices. X–Raydiffraction by crystals, Bragg’s law. Structures of NaCl, KCl and

CsCl (qualitative treatment only). Defects in crystals. Glasses and liquid crystals. (8 Lectures)

Chemical Kinetics: The concept of reaction rates. Effect of temperature, pressure, catalyst and other

factors on reaction rates. Order and molecularity of a reaction. Derivation of integrated rate equations for

zero, first and second order reactions (both for equal and unequal concentrations of reactants). Half–

life of a reaction. General methods for determination of order of a reaction. Concept of activation energy

and its calculation from Arrhenius equation.

Theories of Reaction Rates: Collision theory and Activated Complex theory of bimolecular reactions.

Comparison of the two theories (qualitative treatment only).(8 Lectures)

Reference Books:

1. Barrow, G.M. Physical Chemistry Tata McGraw‐Hill (2007).

2. Castellan, G.W. Physical Chemistry 4th Ed. Narosa (2004).

3. Kotz, J.C., Treichel, P.M. & Townsend, J.R. General Chemistry Cengage Learning India Pvt.

Ltd., New Delhi (2009)

4. Cotton, F.A. & Wilkinson, G. Basic Inorganic Chemistry, Wiley.

5. Shriver, D.F. & Atkins, P.W. Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford University Press.

6. Wulfsberg, G. Inorganic Chemistry, Viva Books Pvt. Ltd.

7. Rodgers, G.E. Inorganic & Solid State Chemistry, Cengage Learning India Ltd., 2008.

CHEMISTRY CC XI -LABORATORY

CH 204- LABORATORY-III: TRANSITION METAL & COORDINATION CHEMISTRY,

STATES OF MATTER & CHEMICAL KINETICS (60 Lectures)

Section A: Inorganic Chemistry

Semi-micro qualitative analysis (using H2S or other methods) of mixtures - not more than four ionic

species (two anions and two cations, excluding insoluble salts) out of the following:

Cations : NH4+, Pb2

+, Bi3+, Cu2

+, Cd2+, Fe3

+, Al3+, Co2

+, Ni2+, Mn2

+, Zn2+, Ba2

+, Sr2+,Ca2

+, K+

Anions: CO32– , S2–, SO2–, S2O3

2–, NO3–, CH3COO–, Cl–, Br–, I–, NO3

–, SO42-, PO43-, BO3

3-, C2O42-, F-

(Spot tests should be carried out wherever feasible)

1.Estimate the amount of nickel present in a given solution as bis (dimethylglyoximato) nickel(II) or

aluminium as oximate in a given solution gravimetrically.

2.Estimation of (i) Mg2+ or (ii) Zn2+ by complexometric titrations using EDTA.

3.Estimation of total hardness of a given sample of water by complexometric titration.

Section B: Physical Chemistry

1. Surface tension measurement (use of organic solvents excluded).

i. Determination of the surface tension of a liquid or a dilute solution using a stalagmometer.

ii. Study of the variation of surface tension of a detergent solution with concentration.

2. Viscosity measurement (use of organic solvents excluded).

31

i. Determination of the relative and absolute viscosity of a liquid or dilute solution using an

Ostwald’s viscometer.

ii. Study of the variation of viscosity of an aqueous solution with concentration of solute.

3. Chemical Kinetics: Study the kinetics of the following reactions.

i. Initial rate method: Iodide-persulphate reaction

ii. Integrated rate method:

a. Acid hydrolysis of methyl acetate with hydrochloric acid.

b. Saponification of ethyl acetate.

c. Compare the strengths of HCl and H2SO4 by studying kinetics of hydrolysis of methyl acetate

Reference Books:

1. Svehla, G. Vogel’s Qualitative Inorganic Analysis, Pearson Education, 2012.

2. Mendham, J. Vogel’s Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Pearson, 2009.

3. Khosla, B. D.; Garg, V. C. & Gulati, A. Senior Practical Physical Chemistry, R. Chand & Co.:

New Delhi (2011).

SEMESTER-V

Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-2)

CHEMISTRY-DSE - 2

CH-301: INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS AND ENVIRONMENT

(Credits: Theory-04, Practicals-02) Theory: 60 Lectures

Industrial Gases and Inorganic Chemicals: Industrial Gases: Large scale production, uses, storage and

hazards in handling of thefollowing gases: oxygen, nitrogen, argon, neon, helium, hydrogen, acetylene,

carbon monoxide, chlorine, fluorine, sulphur dioxide and phosgene.

Inorganic Chemicals: Manufacture, application, analysis and hazards in handling thefollowing chemicals:

hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulphuric acid, caustic soda, common salt, borax, bleaching powder, sodium

thiosulphate, hydrogen peroxide, potash alum, chrome alum, potassium dichromate and potassium

permanganate. (10 Lectures)

Industrial Metallurgy:Preparation of metals (ferrous and nonferrous) and ultrapure metals for

semiconductor technology. (4 Lectures)

Environment and its segments

Ecosystems. Biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur.

Air Pollution: Major regions of atmosphere. Chemical and photochemical reactions

Atmosphere. Air pollutants: types, sources, particle size and chemical nature; Photochemical smog: its

constituents and photochemistry. Environmental effects of ozone, Major sources of air pollution.

Pollution by SO2, CO2 , CO, NOx, H2S and other foul smelling gases. Methods of estimation of CO, NOx,

SOx and control procedures. Effects of air pollution on living organisms and vegetation. Greenhouse

effect and Global warming, Ozone depletion by oxides of nitrogen, chlorofluorocarbons and Halogens,

removal of sulphur from coal. Control of particulates.

Water Pollution: Hydrological cycle, water resources, aquatic ecosystems, Sourcesand nature of water

pollutants, Techniques for measuring water pollution, Impacts of water pollution on hydrological and

ecosystems. Water purification methods. Effluent treatment plants (primary, secondary and tertiary

treatment). Industrial effluents from the following industries and their treatment: electroplating, textile,

32

tannery, dairy, petroleum and petrochemicals, agro, fertilizer, etc. Sludge disposal.

Industrial waste management, incineration of waste. Water treatment and purification (reverse osmosis,

electro dialysis, ion exchange). Water quality parameters for waste water, industrial water and domestic

water. (30 Lectures)

Energy &Environment:Sources of energy: Coal, petrol and natural gas. Nuclear Fusion / Fission, Solar

energy, Hydrogen, geothermal, Tidal and Hydel, etc. Nuclear Pollution: Disposal of nuclear waste,

nuclear disaster and its managemen. (10 Lectures)

Biocatalysis:Introduction to biocatalysis: Importance in “Green Chemistry” and Chemical Industry.

(6 Lectures)

Reference Books:

1. E. Stocchi: Industrial Chemistry, Vol-I, Ellis Horwood Ltd. UK.

2. R.M. Felder, R.W. Rousseau: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Wiley Publishers,

New Delhi.

3. J. A. Kent: Riegel’s Handbook of Industrial Chemistry, CBS Publishers, NewDelhi.

4. S. S. Dara: A Textbook of Engineering Chemistry, S. Chand & Company Ltd.New Delhi.

5. K. De, Environmental Chemistry: New Age International Pvt., Ltd, New Delhi.

6. S. M. Khopkar, Environmental Pollution Analysis: Wiley Eastern Ltd, New Delhi.

7. S.E. Manahan, Environmental Chemistry, CRC Press (2005).

8. G.T. Miller, Environmental Science 11th edition. Brooks/ Cole (2006).

9. A. Mishra, Environmental Studies. Selective and Scientific Books, New Delhi (2005).

CHEMISTRY DSE-2 LABORATORY:

CH 303- LABORATORY-V: INDUSTRIAL CHEMICALS & ENVIRONMENT

(60 Lectures)

1. Determination of dissolved oxygen in water.

2. Determination of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)

3. Determination of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)

4. Percentage of available chlorine in bleaching powder.

5. Measurement of chloride, sulphate and salinity of water samples by simple titration method

(AgNO3 and potassium chromate).

6. Estimation of total alkalinity of water samples (CO32-, HCO3

-) using double titration method.

7. Measurement of dissolved CO2.

8. Study of some of the common bio-indicators of pollution.

9. Estimation of SPM in air samples.

10. Preparation of borax/ boric acid.

Reference Books:

1. E. Stocchi: Industrial Chemistry, Vol-I, Ellis Horwood Ltd. UK.

2. R.M. Felder, R.W. Rousseau: Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Wiley Publishers,

New Delhi.

3. J. A. Kent: Riegel’sHandbook of Industrial Chemistry, CBS Publishers, New Delhi.

4. S. S. Dara: A Textbook of Engineering Chemistry, S. Chand & Company Ltd. New Delhi.

33

5. K. De, Environmental Chemistry: New Age International Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.

6. S. M. Khopkar, Environmental Pollution Analysis: Wiley Eastern Ltd, New Delhi

CHEMISTRY DSE-2:

CH-305- QUANTUM CHEMISTRY, SPECTROSCOPY & PHOTOCHEMISTRY

(Credits: Theory-04, Practicals-02) Theory: 60 Lectures

Quantum Chemistry

Postulates of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical operators, Schrödinger equation and its

application to free particle and “particle-in-a-box” (rigorous treatment), quantization of energy levels,

zero-point energy and Heisenberg Uncertainty principle; wavefunctions, probability distribution

functions, nodal properties, Extension to two and three dimensional boxes, separation of variables,

degeneracy.

Qualitative treatment of simple harmonic oscillator model of vibrational motion: Setting up of

Schrödinger equation and discussion of solution and wavefunctions. Vibrational energy of diatomic

molecules and zero-point energy. Angular momentum: Commutation rules, quantization of square of total

angular momentum and z-component.

Rigid rotator model of rotation of diatomic molecule. Schrödinger equation, transformation to spherical

polar coordinates. Separation of variables. Spherical harmonics. Discussion of solution.

Qualitative treatment of hydrogen atom and hydrogen-like ions: setting up of Schrödinger equation in

spherical polar coordinates, radial part, quantization of energy (only final energy expression). Average

and most probable distances of electron from nucleus.

Setting up of Schrödinger equation for many-electron atoms (He, Li). Need for

approximation methods. Statement of variation theorem and application to simple systems (particle-in-a-

box, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom).

Chemical bonding: Covalent bonding, valence bond and molecular orbital approaches, LCAO-MO

treatment of H2+. Bonding and antibonding orbitals. Qualitative extension to H2. Comparison of LCAO-

MO and VB treatments of H2 (only wavefunctions, detailed solution not required) and their limitations.

Refinements of the two approaches (Configuration Interaction for MO, ionic terms in VB). Qualitative

description of LCAO-MO treatment of homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules (HF, LiH).

Localised and non-localised molecular orbitals treatment of triatomic (BeH2, H2O) molecules. Qualitative

MO theory and its application to AH2 type molecules. (24 Lectures)

Molecular Spectroscopy: Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with molecules and various types of

spectra; Born-Oppenheimer approximation.

Rotation spectroscopy: Selection rules, intensities of spectral lines, determination of bond lengths of

diatomic and linear triatomic molecules, isotopic substitution.

Vibrational spectroscopy: Classical equation of vibration, computation of force constant, amplitude of

diatomic molecular vibrations, anharmonicity, Morse potential, dissociation energies, fundamental

frequencies, overtones, hot bands, degrees of freedom for polyatomic molecules, modes of vibration,

concept of group frequencies. Vibration-rotation spectroscopy: diatomic vibrating rotator, P, Q, R

branches.

Raman spectroscopy: Qualitative treatment of Rotational Raman effect; Effect of nuclear spin,

Vibrational Raman spectra, Stokes and anti-Stokes lines; their intensity difference, rule of mutual

34

exclusion.

Electronic spectroscopy: Franck -Condon principle, electronic transitions, singlet and triplet states,

fluorescence and phosphorescence, dissociation and predissociation, calculation of electronic transitions

of polyenes using free electron model.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: Principles of NMR spectroscopy, Larmor precession,

chemical shift and low resolution spectra, different scales, spin-spin coupling and high resolution spectra,

interpretation of PMR spectra of organic molecules.

Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy: Its principle, hyperfine structure, ESR of simple radicals.

(24 Lectures)

Photochemistry:Characteristics of electromagnetic radiation, Lambert-Beer’s law and its limitations,

physical significance of absorption coefficients. Laws, of photochemistry, quantum yield, actinometry,

examples of low and high quantum yields, photochemical equilibrium and the differential rate of

photochemical reactions, photosensitised reactions, quenching. Role of photochemical reactions in

biochemical processes, photostationary states, chemiluminescence. (12 Lectures)

Reference Books:

1. Banwell, C. N. &McCash, E. M. Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy 4th Ed. Tata McGraw-

Hill: New Delhi (2006).

2. Chandra, A. K. Introductory Quantum Chemistry Tata McGraw-Hill (2001).

CHEMISTRY DSE-2 LABORATORY:

CH-307- LABORATORY-V: QUANTUM CHEMISTRY, SPECTROSCOPY &

PHOTOCHEMISTRY ( 60 Lectures)

UV/Visible spectroscopy

1. Study the 200-500 nm absorbance spectra of KMnO4 and K2Cr2O7 (in 0.1 M H2SO4) and

determine the λ max values. Calculate the energies of the two transitions in different units(J

molecule-1, kJ mol-1, cm-1, eV).

2. Study the pH-dependence of the UV-Vis spectrum (200-500 nm) of K2Cr2O7.

3. Record the 200-350 nm UV spectra of the given compounds (acetone, acetaldehyde, 2-propanol,

acetic acid) in water. Comment on the effect of structure on the UV spectra of organic

compounds.

Colourimetry

1. Verify Lambert-Beer’s law and determine the concentration of CuSO4/KMnO4/K2Cr2O7 in a

solution of unknown concentration

2. Determine the concentrations of KMnO4 and K2Cr2O7 in a mixture.

3. Study the kinetics of iodination of propanone in acidic medium.

4. Determine the amount of iron present in a sample using 1,10-phenathroline.

5. Determine the dissociation constant of an indicator (phenolphthalein).

6. Study the kinetics of interaction of crystal violet/ phenolphthalein with sodium hydroxide.

7. Analyse the given vibration-rotation spectrum of HCl(g)

Reference Books

1. Mendham, J. Vogel’s Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Pearson, 2009.

35

2. Khosla, B. D.; Garg, V. C. & Gulati, A., Senior Practical PhysicalChemistry, R. Chand & Co.:

New Delhi (2011).

3. Garland, C. W.; Nibler, J. W. & Shoemaker, D. P. Experiments in PhysicalChemistry 8th Ed.;

McGraw-Hill: New York (2003).

4. Halpern, A. M. &McBane, G. C. Experimental Physical Chemistry 3rdEd.; W.H. Freeman & Co.:

New York (2003).

====================================================================

SEMESTER-VI

Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-4)

=====================================================

CHEMISTRY DSE-5:

CH-302- MOLECULES OF LIFE

(Credits: Theory-04, Practicals-02) Theory: 60 Lectures

Carbohydrates

Classification of carbohydrates, reducing and non-reducing sugars, General properties of glucose and

fructose, their open chain structure. Epimers, mutarotation and anomers. Determination of configuration

of Glucose (Fischer proof).

Cyclic structure of glucose. Haworth projections. Cyclic structure of fructose. Linkage between

monosachharides, structure of disacharrides (sucrose, maltose, lactose) and polysacharrides (starch and

cellulose) excluding their structure elucidation. (10 Lectures)

Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins

Classification of Amino Acids, Zwitterion structure and Isoelectric point.

Overview of Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary structure of proteins. Determination of primary

structure of peptides, determination of N-terminal amino acid (by DNFB and Edman method) and C–

terminal amino acid (by thiohydantoin and with carboxypeptidase enzyme). Synthesis of simple peptides

(upto dipeptides) by N-protection (t-butyloxycarbonyl and phthaloyl) & C-activating groups and

Merrifield solid phase synthesis. (12 Lectures)

Enzymes and correlation with drug action

Mechanism of enzyme action, factors affecting enzyme action, Coenzymes and cofactors and their role in

biological reactions, Specificity of enzyme action (including stereospecificity), Enzyme inhibitors and

their importance, phenomenon of inhibition(Competitive and Non- competitive inhibition including

allosteric inhibition). Drug action-receptor theory. Structure –activity relationships of drug molecules,

binding role of –OH group,-NH2 group, double bond and aromatic ring. (12 Lectures)

Nucleic Acids

Components of nucleic acids: Adenine, guanine, thymine and Cytosine (Structure only), other

components of nucleic acids, Nucleosides and nucleotides (nomenclature), Structure of polynucleotides;

Structure of DNA (Watson -Crickmodel) and RNA (types of RNA), Genetic Code, Biological roles of

DNA and RNA: Replication, Transcription and Translation. (10 Lectures)

Lipids

Introduction to lipids, classification.

Oils and fats: Common fatty acids present in oils and fats, Omega fatty acids, Trans fats, Hydrogenation,

36

Saponification value, Iodine number. Biological importance of triglycerides, phospholipids, glycolipids,

and steroids (cholesterol). (8 Lectures)

Concept of Energy in Biosystems

Calorific value of food. Standard caloric content of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Oxidation of

foodstuff (organic molecules) as a source of energy for cells. Introduction to Metabolism (catabolism,

anabolism), ATP: the universal currency of cellular energy, ATP hydrolysis and free energy change.

Conversion of food into energy. Outline of catabolic pathways of Carbohydrate-Glycolysis, Fermentation,

Krebs Cycle. Overview of catabolic pathways of Fats and Proteins. Interrelationships in the metabolic

pathways of Proteins, Fats and Carbohydrates. (8

Lectures)

Recommended Texts:

1. Morrison, R. T. & Boyd, R. N. Organic Chemistry, Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. (Pearson

Education).

2. Finar, I. L. Organic Chemistry (Volume 1), Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. (Pearson

Education).

3. Finar, I. L. Organic Chemistry (Volume 2), Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. (Pearson

Education).

4. Nelson, D. L. & Cox, M. M. Lehninger’s Principles of Biochemistry 7thEd., W. H. Freeman.

5. Berg, J.M., Tymoczko, J.L. &Stryer, L. Biochemistry, W.H. Freeman, 2002.

CHEMISTRY DSE-5 LABORATORY:

CH-304- LABORATORY-VI: MOLECULES OF LIFE (60 Lectures)

1. Separation of amino acids by paper chromatography

2. To determine the concentration of glycine solution by formylation method.

3. Study of titration curve of glycine

4. Action of salivary amylase on starch

5. Effect of temperature on the action of salivary amylase on starch.

6. To determine the saponification value of an oil/fat.

7. To determine the iodine value of an oil/fat

8. Differentiate between a reducing/ nonreducing sugar.

9. Extraction of DNA from onion/cauliflower

10. To synthesise aspirin by acetylation of salicylic acid and compare it with the ingredient of an

aspirin tablet by TLC.

Recommended Texts:

1. Furniss, B.S.; Hannaford, A.J.; Rogers, V.; Smith, P.W.G.; Tatchell, A.R. Vogel’s Textbook of

Practical Organic Chemistry, ELBS.

2. Ahluwalia, V.K. & Aggarwal, R. Comprehensive Practical Organic Chemistry, Universities

Press.

37

=========================================================================

CHEMISTRY–DSE-5

=====================================================================

CH-306- CHEMISTRY OF MAIN GROUP ELEMENTS, THEORIES OF ACIDS AND BASES

(Credits: Theory-04, Practicals-02) Theory: 60 Lectures

Acids and Bases: Brönsted–Lowry concept, conjugate acids and bases, relative strengths of acids and

bases, effects of substituent and solvent, differentiating and levelling solvents. Lewis acid-base concept,

classification of Lewis acids and bases, Lux-Flood concept and solvent system concept. Hard and soft

acids and bases ( HSAB concept), applications of HSAB process. (10 Lectures)

General Principles of Metallurgy: Chief modes of occurrence of metals based on standard electrode

potentials, Ellingham diagrams for reduction of metal oxides using carbon and carbon monoxide as

reducing agents.

Hydrometallurgy with reference to cyanide process for gold and silver. Methods of purification of metals

(Al, Pb, Ti, Fe, Cu, Ni, Zn, Au): electrolytic refining, zone refining, van Arkel-de Boer process, Parting

Process, Mond’s process and Kroll Process. (8

Lectures)

s- and p-Block Elements:Periodicity in s- and p-block elements with respect to electronic configuration,

atomic and ionic size, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity (Pauling scale).

General characteristics of s-block metals like density, melting and boiling points, flame colour and

reducing nature.

Oxidation states of s- and p-block elements, inert-pair effect, diagonal relationships and anomalous

behaviour of first member of each group. Allotropy in C, P and S.

Complex forming tendency of s block elements and a preliminary idea of crown ethers and cryptates,

structures of basic beryllium acetate, salicylaldehyde/ acetylacetonato complexes of Group 1 metals.

Solutions of alkali metals in liquid ammonia and their properties.

Common features, such as ease of formation, solubility and stability of oxides, peroxides, superoxides,

sulphates and carbonates of s-block metals. (14 Lectures)

Structure, bonding and properties (acidic/ basic nature, oxidizing/ reducing nature and hydrolysis

of the following compounds and their applications in industrial and environmental chemistry

wherever applicable:

Diborane and concept of multicentre bonding, hydrides of Groups 13 (EH3), 14, 15, 16 and 17.

Oxides of N and P, Oxoacids of P, S and Cl.

Halides and oxohalides of P and S (PCl3, PCl5, SOCl2 and SO2Cl2)

Interhalogen compounds. A brief idea of pseudohalides (14 Lectures)

Noble gases: Rationalization of inertness of noble gases, clathrates, preparation and properties of XeF2,

XeF4 and XeF6 ,bonding in these compounds using VBT and shapes of noble gas compounds using

VSEPR Theory. (5 Lectures)

Inorganic Polymers:Types of inorganic polymers and comparison with organic polymers, structural

features, classification and important applications of silicates. Synthesis, structural features and

applications of silicones. Borazines and cyclophosphazenes – preparation, properties and reactions.

Bonding in (NPCl2)3. (9 Lectures)

38

Recommended texts:

1. Lee, J.D. Concise Inorganic Chemistry ELBS, 1991.

2. Cotton, F.A., Wilkinson, G. &Gaus, P.L. Basic Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd ed., Wiley.

3. Douglas, B.E., McDaniel, D.H. & Alexander, J.J. Concepts and Models inInorganic Chemistry,

John Wiley & Sons.

4. Greenwood, N.N. &Earnshaw. Chemistry of the Elements, Butterworth-Heinemann. 1997.

5. Rodger, G.E. Inorganic and Solid State Chemistry, Cengage Learning India Edition, 2002.

6. Miessler, G. L. & Donald, A. Tarr. Inorganic Chemistry 4th Ed., Pearson, 2010.

7. Atkin, P. Shriver & Atkins’ Inorganic Chemistry 5th Ed. Oxford University Press (2010).

CHEMISTRY DSE-5 LABORATORY:

CH-308 - LABORATORY-VI: CHEMISTRY OF MAIN GROUP ELEMENTS, THEORIES OF

ACIDS AND BASES (60 Lectures)

1. Iodometric estimation of potassium dichromate and copper sulphate

2. Iodimetric estimation of antimony in tartaremetic

3. Estimation of amount of available chlorine in bleaching powder and household bleaches

4. Estimation of iodine in iodized salts.

5. Iodimetric estimation of ascorbic acid in fruit juices.

6. Estimation of dissolved oxygen in water samples.

7. Gravimetric estimation of sulphate as barium sulphate.

8. Gravimetric estimation of aluminium as oximato complex

9. Preparation of the following: potash alum, chrome alum, tetraamminecopper (II) sulphate

monohydrate, potassium trioxalatoferrate (III)

(any two, including one double salt and one complex).

Recommended Texts:

1. Svehla, G. Vogel’s Qualitative Inorganic Analysis, Pearson Education, 2012.

2. Mendham, J. Vogel’s Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Pearson, 2009.

========================================================

Skill Enhancement Course (any four) (Credit: 02 each)

==========================================================

SEMESTER-III

SEC-1

CH-205- INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR)

(Credits: 02) Theory: 30 Lectures

In this era of liberalization and globalization, the perception about science and its practices has undergone

dramatic change. The importance of protecting the scientific discoveries, with commercial potential or the

intellectual property rights is being discussed at all levels – statutory, administrative, and judicial. With

India ratifying the WTO agreement, it has become obligatory on its part to follow a minimum acceptable

standard for protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights. The purpose of this course is to

apprise the students about the multifaceted dimensions of this issue.

39

Introduction to Intellectual Property:

Historical Perspective, Different Types of IP, Importance of protecting IP.

Copyrights

Introduction, How to obtain, Differences from Patents.

Trade Marks

Introduction, How to obtain, Different types of marks – Collective marks, certification marks, service

marks, Trade names, etc.

Differences from Designs.

Patents

Historical Perspective, Basic and associated right, WIPO, PCT system, Traditional Knowledge, Patents

and Healthcare – balancing promoting innovation with public health, Software patents and their

importance for India.

Geographical Indications

Definition, rules for registration, prevention of illegal exploitation, importance to India.

Industrial Designs

Definition, How to obtain, features, International design registration.

Layout design of integrated circuits

Circuit Boards, Integrated Chips, Importance for electronic industry.

Trade Secrets

Introduction and Historical Perspectives, Scope of Protection, Risks involved and legal aspects of Trade

Secret Protection.

Different International agreements

(a) Word Trade Organization (WTO):

(i) General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade (GATT), Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights

(TRIPS) agreement

(ii) General Agreement on Trade related Services (GATS)

(iii) Madrid Protocol

(iv) Berne Convention

(v) Budapest Treaty

(b) Paris Convention

WIPO and TRIPS, IPR and Plant Breeders Rights, IPR and Biodiversity

IP Infringement issue and enforcement – Role of Judiciary, Role of lawenforcement agencies – Police,

Customs etc. Economic Value of Intellectual Property

– Intangible assets and their valuation, Intellectual Property in the Indian Context – Various laws in India

Licensing and technology transfer.

Reference Books:

1. N.K. Acharya: Textbook on intellectual property rights, Asia Law House (2001).

2. Manjula Guru & M.B. Rao, Understanding Trips: Managing Knowledge inDeveloping Countries,

Sage Publications (2003).

3. P. Ganguli, Intellectual Property Rights: Unleashing the Knowledge Economy, Tata McGraw-

Hill (2001).

40

4. Arthur Raphael Miller, MichealH.Davis; Intellectual Property: Patents,Trademarks and Copyright

in a Nutshell, West Group Publishers (2000).

5. JayashreeWatal, Intellectual property rights in the WTO and developingcountries, Oxford

University Press, Oxford.

SEMESTER-IV

SEC-2

CH-206- GREEN METHODS IN CHEMISTRY(Credits: 02) Theory: 30 Lectures

Theory and Hand-on Experiments: Introduction: Definitions of Green Chemistry. Brief introduction of

twelve principles of Green Chemistry, with examples, special emphasis on atom economy, reducing

toxicity, green solvents, Green Chemistry and catalysis and alternative sources of energy, Green energy

and sustainability

The following Real world Cases in Green Chemistry should be discussed:

1. Surfactants for carbon dioxide – Replacing smog producing and ozone depleting solvents with

CO2 for precision cleaning and dry cleaning of garments.

2. Designing of environmentally safe marine antifoulant.

3. Rightfit pigment: Synthetic azo pigments to replace toxic organic and inorganic pigments.

4. An efficient, green synthesis of a compostable and widely applicable plastic (poly lactic acid)

made from corn.

Practicals

1. Preparation and characterization of biodiesel from vegetable oil.

2. Extraction of D-limonene from orange peel using liquid CO2 prepared from dry ice.

3. Mechano chemical solvent free synthesis of azomethine.

4. Solvent free, microwave assisted one pot synthesis of phthalocyanine complex of copper(II).

Reference Books:

1. Matlack, A.S. Introduction to Green Chemistry, Marcel Dekker (2001).

2. Cann, M.C. &Connely, M.E. Real-World cases in Green Chemistry, American Chemical Society,

Washington (2000).

3. Ryan, M.A. &Tinnesand, M. Introduction to Green Chemistry, American Chemical Society,

Washington (2002).

4. Sharma, R.K.; Sidhwani, I.T. &Chaudhari, M.K. Green ChemistryExperiments: A monograph

I.K. International Publishing House PvtLtd.New Delhi, Bangalore.

5. Lancaster, M. Green Chemistry: An introductory text RSC publishing, 2nd Edition.

6. Sidhwani, I.T., Saini, G., Chowdhury, S., Garg, D., Malovika, Garg, N. Wealth from waste: A

green method to produce biodiesel from waste cooking oil and generation of useful products from

waste further generated

7. “A Social Awareness Project”, Delhi University Journal of Undergraduate Research and

Innovation, 1(1): 2015.

SEMESTER-V

SEC-3

CH- 309- PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY (Credits: 02) Theory: 30 Lectures

Drugs & Pharmaceuticals

41

Drug discovery, design and development; Basic Retrosynthetic approach. Synthesis of the representative

drugs of the following classes: analgesics agents, antipyretic agents,

anti-inflammatory agents (Aspirin, paracetamol, lbuprofen); antibiotics (Chloramphenicol); antibacterial

and antifungal agents (Sulphonamides; Sulphanethoxazol, Sulphacetamide, Trimethoprim); antiviral

agents (Acyclovir), Central Nervous System agents (Phenobarbital, Diazepam),Cardiovascular (Glyceryl

trinitrate), antilaprosy (Dapsone), HIV-AIDS related drugs (AZT- Zidovudine).

Fermentation

Aerobic and anaerobic fermentation. Production of (i) Ethyl alcohol and citric acid, (ii) Antibiotics;

Penicillin, Cephalosporin, Chloromycetin and Streptomycin, (iii) Lysine, Glutamic acid, Vitamin B2,

Vitamin B12 and Vitamin C.

Practicals

1. Preparation of Aspirin and its analysis.

2. Preparation of magnesium bisilicate (Antacid).

Reference Books:

1. G.L. Patrick: Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry, Oxford University Press, UK.

2. Hakishan, V.K. Kapoor: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry,VallabhPrakashan, Pitampura,

New Delhi.

3. William O. Foye, Thomas L., Lemke , David A. William: Principles ofMedicinal Chemistry, B.I.

Waverly Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.

SEMESTER-VI

SEC-4

CHEMISTRY OF COSMETICS & PERFUMES ( Credits: 02) (30 Lectures)

A general study including preparation and uses of the following: Hair dye, hair spray, shampoo, suntan

lotions, face powder, lipsticks, talcum powder, nail enamel, creams (cold, vanishing and shaving creams),

antiperspirants and artificial flavours. Essential oils and their importance in cosmetic industries with

reference to Eugenol, Geraniol, sandalwood oil, eucalyptus, rose oil, 2-phenyl ethyl alcohol, Jasmone,

Civetone, Muscone.

Practicals

1. Preparation of talcum powder.

2. Preparation of shampoo.

3. Preparation of enamels.

4. Preparation of hair remover.

5. Preparation of face cream.

6. Preparation of nail polish and nail polish remover.

Reference Books:

1. E. Stocchi: Industrial Chemistry, Vol -I, Ellis Horwood Ltd. UK.

2. P.C. Jain, M. Jain: Engineering Chemistry, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, Delhi.

42

==========================================================================

Mathematics

==========================================================

Course Name: Calculus-I

Course Code: MA-111 Credits: 03

Limit and Continuity (ε-δ definition), Indeterminate forms, Types of Discontinuities,

Differentiability of Functions, Successive Differentiation, Leibnitz’s Theorem, Partial Differentiation,

Euler’s Theorem on Homogeneous Functions, Tangents, Normals, Maxima & Minima, Curvature,

Asymptotes, Singular Points, Tracing of Curves. Parametric Representation of Curves, Tracing of

Parametric Curves, Polar coordinates, Tracing of Curves in Polar Coordinates. Rolle’s Theorem, Mean

Value theorems.

Sequences, Infinite Series, The Integral Test, The Comparison Tests, Ratio & Root Tests,

Alternating Series, Absolute & Conditional Convergence, Power Series, Representations of Functions as

Power Series. Taylor & Maclaurin series of sin x, cosx , ex , ln(1 + x), (1 + x)n, Taylor’s Theorem with

Lagrange’s and Cauchy’s forms of remainder, Definite Integral, Introduction to improper integral.

Books Recommended:

1. G.B. Thomas, J Hass and Maurice D. Weir, Thomas’ Calculus, Pearson Education, 2009.

2. H. Anton, I. Birens and S. Davis, Calculus, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2002.

3. S. R. Ghorpade and B. Limaye, A Course in Calculus and Real Analysis, Springer, 2006.

4. J. Stewart, Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Cengage Learning, 2012

Course Name: Matrices

Course Code: MA-113 Credits: 03

Vector space over R and C, Concept of linear dependence and independence, basis, Subspaces,

Translation, Dilation, Rotation, Reflection in a point, line and plane, Matrix form of basic geometric

transformations, Interpretation of eigen values and eigen vectors for such transformations and eigen

spaces as invariant subspaces.Types of matrices, Rank of a matrix, Invariance of rank under elementary

transformations, Reduction to normal form, Solutions of linear homogeneous and non-homogeneous

equations with number of equations and unknowns upto four, Matrices in diagonal form, Reduction to

diagonal form upto matrices of order 3, Computation of matrix inverses using elementary row operations,

Solutions of a system of linear equations using matrices and its applications.

Books Recommended

1. A.I. Kostrikin, Introduction to Algebra, Springer Verlag, 1984.

2. S. H. Friedberg, A. L. Insel and L. E. Spence, Linear Algebra, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New

Delhi, 2004.

3. Richard Bronson, Theory and Problems of Matrix Operations, Tata McGraw Hill, 1989.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Course Name: Algebra

43

Course Code: MA-112 Credits: 03

Groups, Subgroups and their examples, the group Zn of integers under addition modulo n, The group

U(n) of units under multiplication modulo n, cyclic groups, complex roots of unity, circle group, the

general linear group GLn (n,R), Dihedral group. The commutator subgroup, Examples of subgroups

including the center of a group, Cosets, Index of subgroup, Lagrange’s theorem, order of an element.

Normal subgroups: their definition, examples, and characterizations, Quotient groups, Class equat

.

Books Recommended

1. John B. Fraleigh, A First Course in Abstract Algebra, 7th Ed., Pearson, 2002.

2. M. Artin, Abstract Algebra, 2nd Ed., Pearson, 2011.

3. Joseph A Gallian, Contemporary Abstract Algebra, 4th Ed., Narosa, 1999.

4. I. Herrnstein, Topics in Algebra, 2nd ed., John Wiley, 1999

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Course Name: Calculus-II

Course Code: MA-114 Credits: 03

Functions of two Variables: Limit, Continuity, Differentiability. Partial differentiation, Definite Integral,

Evaluating Definite Integral, The Fundamental Theorems of Calculus. Indefinite Integrals & Substitution

Rule, Integration by Parts, Integration of Rational Functions by Partial Fractions, Trigonometric

Integrals, Maxima and Minima, Lagrange’s Multiplier Method, Areas between Curves, Improper

Integrals, Jacobian, Double Integrals, Double Integrals in Polar Form, Triple Integrals in Rectangular

Coordinates, Triple Integrals in Cylindrical & Spherical Coordinates, Substitutions in Multiple Integrals.

Books Recommended:

1. G.B. Thomas, J Hass and Maurice D. Weir, Thomas’ Calculus, Pearson Education, 2009.

2. H. Anton, I. Birens and S. Davis, Calculus, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2002.

3. S. R. Ghorpade and B. Limaye, A Course in Calculus and Real Analysis, Springer, 2006.

4. J. Stewart, Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Cengage Learning, 2012

Course Name: Real Analysis

Course Code: MA-213 Credits: 03

Set Theory: Relations, Equivalence Relation, Partial Order, Total Order, Zorn’s Lemma, Finite & Infinite

Sets, Examples of Countable and Uncountable Sets. Real Line, Bounded Sets, Cantor’s Theorem,

Continuum Hypothesis, Suprema & Infinima, Completeness Property of R , Archimedean Property,

Intervals, Bolzano-Weierstrass Theorem.

Riemann Integral, Integrability of continuous and monotonic functions, Fundamental theorem of integral

calculus, Mean Value theorems of integral calculus. Improper integrals and their convergence.

Point-wise Convergence, Uniform Convergence. Uniformly Bounded Sequence, Cauchy’s Criterion for

Uniform Convergence, Uniformly Cauchy Sequence, Weiertrass’ M-test, Uniform Convergence and

Continuity, Uniform Convergence and Integration, Uniform Convergence and Differentiation, Power

series and radius of convergence.

44

Books Recommended

1. T. M. Apostol, Calculus (Vol. I), John Wiley and Sons (Asia) P. Ltd., 2002.

2. W. Rudin, Principles of Mathematical Analysis, McGraw Hill, 1976

3. R.G. Bartle and D. R Sherbert, Introduction to Real Analysis, John Wiley and Sons (Asia) P.

Ltd., 2000.

4. K.A. Ross, Elementary Analysis-The Theory of Calculus Series-Undergraduate Texts in

Mathematics, Springer Verlag, 2003.

Course Name: Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equation

Course Code: MA-215 Credits: 03

Introduction to differential equation, Formulation of differential equation, Order and degree of differential

equation, linear, nonlinear differential equation, First order exact differential equations. Integrating

factors, First order higher degree equations solvable for x, y, p. Methods for solving higher-order

differential equations. Basic theory of linear differential equations, Wronskian, and its properties. Solving

a differential equation by reducing its order. Linear homogenous equations with constant coefficients,

Linear non-homogenous equations, The method of variation of parameters, The Cauchy-Euler equation,

Simultaneous differential equations.

Books Recommended:

1. G. F Simmons, Differential equations with Historical Notes. Tata McGraw-Hill.

2. Shepley L. Ross, Differential equation, 3rd Ed., John Wiley & Sons.

3. William E. Boyce, Richard C. DiPrima, Elementry Differential Equations and Boundary value,

Wiley, 2000.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Course Name: Introduction to Partial Differential Equation

Course Code: MA-212 Credits: 03

Introduction to partial differential equation, origins of first order partial differential equation, Order and

degree of partial differential equation, Concept of linear and non-linear partial differential equations,

Pfaffian differential forms and equations, Integral surfaces passing through a given curve, Linear partial

differential equation of first order, Lagrange’s method, Charpit’s method, Non linear partial differential

equations of the first order, Classification of second order partial differential equations into elliptic,

parabolic and hyperbolic through illustrations only.

Books Recommended:

1. I. N Sneddon, Elements of Partial Differential equations, Tata McGraw-Hill. problems, John

Wiley & Sons.

2. T. Amaranath, An Elementary Course in Partial Differential Equations, Narosa.

45

Course Name: Mathematical Methods

Course Code: MA-214 Credits: 03

Integral Transforms: Laplace Transformation, Laplace Transforms of derivatives and integrals,

shifting theorems, differentiation and integration of transforms, convolution theorem. Application of

Laplace transform in solution of ordinary differential equations, Fourier series expansion. Calculus of

Variations: Functionals, Deduction of Euler’s equations for functionals of first order and higher order

for fixed boundaries. Shortest distance between two non-intersecting curves. Isoperimetric problems.

Jacobi and Legendre conditions.

Recommended Books:

1. I.M. Gelfad and S.V. Fomin, Calculus of Variation, Prentice-Hall, Inc.

2. A.S. Gupta, Text Book on Calculus of Variation, Prentice-Hall of India.

3. Francis B. Hildebrand, Methods of Applied Mathematics, Dover, New York, 20124.

4.W. E. Boyce, R. C. DiPrima, Elementry Differential Equations and Boundary value , Wiley, 2000.

===========================================================================

Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-3)

======================================================================

Course Name: Programming in C

Course Code: MA-301 Credits: 03

Introduction to C fundamentals, Constants, Variables, statements, iterative statements and Data types,

Operators and expression, formatted input and output, Decision makings, Branching and Looping, Arrays,

User defined functions, Passing arguments to procedure, procedures, Structures, Pointers, File handling,

concept of recursion.

Recommended Books:

1. B.W. Kernighan and D.M. Ritchie, The C Programming Language 2nd Edition, (ANSI features)

Prentice Hall, 1989.

2. V. Rajaraman, Programming in C, Prentice Hall of India, 1994.

3. Byron S. Gotfried, Theory and Problems of Programming with C, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1998.

=======================================================================

Course Name: Linear Algebra

Course Code: MA-303 Credits: 03

Vector spaces, subspaces, algebra of subspaces, quotient spaces, linear combination of vectors, linear

span, linear independence, basis and dimension, dimension of subspaces.

Linear transformations, null space, range, rank and nullity of a linear transformation, matrix

representation of a linear transformation, algebra of linear transformations.

Dual Space, Dual Basis, Double Dual, Eigen values and Eigen vectors, Characteristic Polynomial.

Isomorphisms, Isomorphism theorems, invertibility and isomorphisms, change of coordinate matrix.

46

Books Recommended

1. David C. Lay, Linear Algebra and its Applications, 3rd Ed., Pearson Education Asia, Indian Reprint,

2007.

2. S. Lang, Introduction to Linear Algebra, 2nd Ed., Springer, 2005.

3. Gilbert Strang, Linear Algebra and its Applications, Thomson, 2007.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Course Name: Tensor &Geometry

Course Code: MA-305 Credits: 03 Contravariant and Covariant vectors, Transformation formulae, Symmetric and Skew symmetric

properties, Contraction of tensors, Quetient law, Polar equation of a conic, Sphere, Cone, Cylinder,

Illustrations of graphing standard quadric surfaces like cone, ellipsoid, Paraboloids, Central Conicoids.

Recommended Books:

1. Barry Spain, Tensor Calculus, Radha Publ. House Calcutta,1988.

2. R.J.T. Bill, Elementary Treatise on Coordinate Geometry of Three Dimensions, McMillan India Ltd.,

1994

3. R.J.T. Bell, Elementary Treatise on Co-ordinate geometry of three dimensions, Macmillan India Ltd.,

1994.

4. Shanti Narayan, Analytical Solid Geometry, S. Chand & Company, New Delhi.

==========================================================================

==========================================================================

Discipline Specific Electives (DSE-6)

=========================================================

Course Name: Numerical Methods

Course Code: MA-302 Credits: 03

Errors in computation, floating representation of number, binary number, significant digits, errors due to

rounding/chopping Algorithms, Convergence, Bisection method, False position method, Fixed point

iteration method, Newton’s method, Secant method, LU decomposition, Gauss-Jacobi, Gauss-Siedel and

SOR iterative methods.Lagrange and Newton interpolation: linear and higher order, finite difference

operators. Numerical differentiation: forward difference, backward difference and Central Difference.

Integration: trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule, Euler’s method.

Recommended Books

1. B. Bradie, A Friendly Introduction to Numerical Analysis, Pearson Education, India, 2007.

2. M.K. Jain, S.R.K. Iyengar and R.K. Jain, Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering

Computation, 5th Ed., New age International Publisher, India, 2007.

3. R. S. Gupta, Elements of Numerical Analysis, Macmilan, 2009.

47

Course Name: Linear Programming

Course Code: MA-304 Credits: 03

Linear Programming Problems, Graphical Approach for Solving some Linear Programs, Convex Sets,

Supporting and Separating Hyperplanes, Theory of simplex method, optimality and unboundedness, the

simplex algorithm, simplex method in tableau format, introduction to artificial variables, two-phase

method, Big-M method and their comparison, Duality, formulation of the dual problem, primal-dual

relationships, economic Interpretation of the dual, sensitivity analysis.

Recommended Books

1. Mokhtar S. Bazaraa, John J. Jarvis and Hanif D. Sherali, Linear programming and Network Flows, 2nd

Ed., John Wiley and Sons, India, 2004.

2. F.S. Hillier and G.J. Lieberman, Introduction to Operations Research, 8th Ed., Tata McGraw Hill,

Singapore, 2004.

3. Hamdy A. Taha, Operations Research, An Introduction, 8th Ed., Prentice-Hall India, 2006.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Course Name: Theory of Complex Variable

Course Code: MA-306 Credits: 03

Limits, Limits involving the point at infinity, continuity, Properties of complex numbers, regions in the

complex plane, functions of complex variable, mappings, Derivatives, differentiation formulas, Cauchy-

Riemann equations, sufficient conditions for differentiability.

Analytic functions, examples of analytic functions, exponential function, Logarithmic function,

trigonometric function, derivatives of functions, definite integrals of functions, Contours, Contour

integrals and its examples, upper bounds for moduli of contour integrals, Cauchy-Goursat theorem,

Cauchy integral formula, Liouville’s theorem and the fundamental theorem of algebra. Convergence of

sequences and series, Taylor series and its examples, Laurent series and its examples, absolute and

uniform convergence of power series.

Books Recommended

1. James Ward Brown and Ruel V. Churchill, Complex Variables and Applications, 8th Ed., McGraw –

Hill International Edition, 2009.122

2. Joseph Bak and Donald J. Newman, Complex analysis, 2nd Ed., Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics,

Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., New York, 1997.

=====================================================================

Skill Enhancement Course (SEC)

==========================================================================

Course Name: Theory of Equations

Course Code: MA-215 Credits: 02

48

General properties of polynomials, Graphical representation of a polynomials, maximum and minimum

values of a polynomials, General properties of equations, Descarte’s rule of signs positive and negative

rule, Relation between the roots and the coefficients of equations.

Symmetric functions, Applications symmetric function of the roots, Transformation of equations,

Solutions of reciprocal and binomial equations, Algebraic solutions of the cubic and biquadratic,

Properties of the derived functions.

Books Recommended

1. W.S. Burnside and A.W. Panton, The Theory of Equations, Dublin University Press, 1954.

2. C. C. MacDuffee, Theory of Equations, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1954.

======================================================================

Course Name: Logic and Sets

Course Code: MA-214 Credits: 02

Introduction, propositions, truth table, negation, conjunction and disjunction. Implications, biconditional

propositions, converse, contra positive and inverse propositions and precedence of logical operators.

Propositional equivalence: Logical equivalences. Predicates and quantifiers: Introduction, Quantifiers,

Binding variables and Negations.

Sets, subsets, Set operations, the laws of set theory and Venn diagrams. Examples of finite and infinite

sets. Finite sets and counting principle. Empty set, properties of empty set. Standard set operations.

Classes of sets. Power set of a set. Difference and Symmetric difference of two sets. Set identities,

Generalized union and intersections. Relation: Product set, Composition of relations, Types of relations,

Partitions, Equivalence Relations with example of congruence modulo relation.

Book Recommended

1. R.P. Grimaldi, Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorial Mathematics, Pearson Education, 1998.

2. P.R. Halmos, Naive Set Theory, Springer, 1974.

3. E. Kamke, Theory of Sets, Dover Publishers, 1950.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Course Name: Mathematical Modeling

Course Code: MA-317 Credits: 02

Fundamental of Modelling, working with models, Applications of differential equations: the vibrations of

a mass on a spring, mixture problem, free damped motion, forced motion, resonance phenomena, electric

circuit problem, Transport equation, Applications to Traffic Flow, Vibrating string, vibrating membrane,

conduction of heat in solids, diffusion equation, gravitational potential, conservation laws, Mathematical

modeling in Biological process.

Books Recommended:

1. Shepley L. Ross, Differential Equations, 3rd Ed., John Wiley and Sons, 1984.

2. I. Sneddon, Elements of Partial Differential Equations, McGraw-Hill, International Edition, 1967.

49

3. Y. Pinchover and J. Rubinstein, An introduction to Partial Differential Equations, Cambridge

University Press.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Course Name: Experimental Statistics using R

Course Code: MA-318 Credits: 02

Experimental Design: Principles, experimental designs, real random variables (discrete and continuous),

cumulative distribution function, probability mass/density functions, mathematical expectation, moments,

moment generating function, characteristic function, discrete distributions: uniform, binomial, Poisson,

continuous distributions: uniform, normal.

Test of hypothesis: Chi-square test, t,F and Z tests and Turkey’s Q test

Experimental Data Analysis: RBD, SPD, ANOVA, linear regression analysis using SPSS, Cluster nalysis.

.

Books Recommended:

1. Robert V. Hogg, Joseph W. McKean and Allen T. Craig, Introduction to Mathematical Statistics,

Pearson Education, Asia, 2007.

2. Irwin Miller and Marylees Miller, John E. Freund, Mathematical Statistics with Application, 7th Ed.,

Pearson Education, Asia, 2006.

3. Sheldon Ross, Introduction to Probability Model, 9th Ed., Academic Press, Indian Reprint, 2007.

4. G.W.Snedecor and W.C.Cochran, Statistical Method, Oxford & IBH Pub.Pvt.Ltd. New-Delhi.

National Service Scheme - (NSS) Studies

Semester I & II

Credit Based Grading and Semester System

To be implemented from the Academic year 2015-2016

SEMESTER I

Title of the Course: NSS Paper I

Course code Unit Topic Headings Lectures Credits

NSS-101

I Introduction to NSS 05

02

II Concept of Society & Social issues in India

O5

III Indian Constitution & Social Justice

10

IV Human Personality & National Integration

10

SEMESTER II

50

Title of the Course: NSS Paper II

Course code Unit Topic Headings Lectures Credits

NSS-102

I Socio Economic Survey & Special Camp

05

02

II Value System & Gender Sensitivity

O5

III Environment & Energy Conservation

10

IV Voluntary Organisation (VOs) and Government

Organisation (GOs)

10

To be implemented from the academic year 2015- 16

All UG Programs

SEMESTER – I

Subject Name: NSS Paper-I Course Code: NSS-101

Unit I: Introduction to NSS

Orientation and structure of NSS

The history of NSS- Objectives- Symbol and meaning- NSS hierarchy from national to college

level

Regular activities Distribution of working hours- association between issues and programs- community project-

urban rural activities, association- modes of activity evaluation

Unit II: Concept of society- development of Indian society

Features- Division of labors and cast system in India

Features of Indian constitution:Provisions related to social integrity and development

Unit III

Social Justice The concept- features Inclusive growth- the concept- feature

Basic social issues in India Degeneration of value system, family system, Gender issues Regional imbalance

Unit-IV Dimensions of human personality; National integration and communal harmony

51

SEMESTER – II

Subject Name: NSS Paper-II Course Code: NSS-102

UNIT1: socio economic survey meaning, need, design of questionnaire: data collection analysis

and Report, Special campaigning activity

Concept of camp: Identification of community problems- importance of group living- team

building- adaption of village- planning for camp- pre, during and post campaigning activities

UNIT II: Social Integration Meaning of value and types- human values and social responsibilities-

Indian value system: Understanding of society, Physical: Physical exercise, Yoga, etc, Cultural:

Basics of performing arts as tool for social awareness, street play, creative dance, patriotic song, folk

song and folk dance- National integration

Gender sensitivity and woman empowerment, Concept of gender- causes behind gender related

problems- majors, Meaning of empowerment- schemes for woman empowerment in India

UNIT III: Environment enrichment program; Sustainability in environment;- Features , issues,

conservation of natural resources.

Energy conservation program; Concept of conservation- conventional and non-conventional energy

UNIT IV: Set up of VO/GO

Meaning of VO-Legal set up of formation-functioning of VO- Sources of functioning- VO and

NSS Integration- Case study of any VO/GO/Welfare department; Government schemes for

community development; Scheme from each department- detail provisions- examples,

Communication skills and documentation. Verbal and non verbal communication- activity report writing- basics of NSS accounting- annual

report- press note preparation

52

Compulsory Course of Environmental Science for all Undergraduates as per

the mandate of UGC from academic session 2015-2016

Course Name: Environmental Studies

Course code: ES 101

Credits :3

Syllabus

Unit I: Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies

Definition, scope and importance, Need for public awareness.

Unit II: Natural Resources

Renewable and non-renewable resources:

i) Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies.

Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forest and tribal people.

ii) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods,

drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems.

iii) Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and

using mineral resources, case studies.

iv) Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and

overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water

logging, salinity, case studies.

v) Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy

sources, use of alternate energy sources. Case studies.

vi) Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil

erosion and desertification.

vii) Natural resources and associated problems; Role of an individual in conservation of

natural resources; Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

Unit III: Ecosystems

i) Concept of an ecosystem.

ii) Structure and function of an ecosystem.

iii) Producers, consumers and decomposers.

iv) Energy flow in the ecosystem.

v) Ecological succession.

vi) Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.

vii) Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the ecosystem-

Forest ecosystem, Grassland ecosystem, Desert ecosystem, Aquatic ecosystems

(ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries).

Unit IV: Biodiversity and its conservation

i) Introduction – Definition : genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.

ii) Biogeographical classification of India.

53

Course Offered at Undergraduate Programmes of Various Schools

Semester-I (July-December)

Course Contents

Paper Code: EN-101 Paper Name: English Proficiency

UNIT-1 : Functional Grammar

Form and Functions, Sentences: Simple, Complex, and Compound, Sub-Verb Agreement and Concord,

Vocabulary Building: Affixations, Conversions, Idioms and Phrases, Words in Context

UNIT-2: Language Skills: LSRW

Listening Skills: Activity based, Speaking Skills: Activity based, Introduction to IPA, Use of Dictionary,

Word stress, Reading Skills: Skimming and Scanning, Reading Comprehension, Writing Skills:

Paragraph, Précis and Compositions, Note Making and Note Taking, Logical Ordering of Ideas and

Contents, Figures of Speech

UNIT-3: Learning through thematic Texts

My Visions for India Dr. Abdul Kalam

From In an Antique Land Amitav Ghosh

The Art of Living Samuel Smiles

I Have Dream Martin Luther King Jr.

The Overcoat Nikolai Gogol

The Bet Anton Chekov

Mending Wall Robert Frost

If Rudyard Kipling

Suggested Books:

1. Word for Word, Pointon & Clark, Oxford University Press

2. Carter, Ronald; McCarthy, Michael (2006). Cambridge Grammar of English: A

Comprehensive Guide. Cambridge University Press.

3. An English Pronouncing Dictionary , London: Dent, rpt in facsimile in Jones (2002). 17th

edn, P. Roach, J. Hartman and J. Setter (eds), Cambridge: CUP, 2006.

4. Redman, Stuart. 2011 English Vocabulary I Use: Pre-intermediate and intermediate. Cambridge:

CUP Cambridge Phrasal Verbs Dictionary Second edition, Cambridge University Press